Equitable representation of deaf people in mainstream academia: Why not?
- 356 Downloads
Approximately 5% of people in most countries have deafness or significant hearing loss. This significant minority is underrepresented in mainstream universities across the world. Background information about deafness, relevant technology and its drawbacks, and the use of interpreters are discussed. The barriers to equitable representation of qualified Deaf academics in university settings are reviewed. The experiences of three Deaf academics who teach in mainstream universities are discussed, and suggestions for resolution are offered. Examples are cited for teaching, research and service, the threefold duties of the successful academic. Continuing access difficulties mean that only a few deaf graduates now consider doctoral study; cost and the perception of cost, as well as negative attitudes and lack of knowledge may mean that the few successful graduates have difficulties gaining employment; successful tenure and promotion prospects may also be hindered for the same reasons. We also provide recommendations how barriers for successful Deaf academics can be removed or mitigated.
Keywordsacademia accommodation deaf equity hard-of-hearing university
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Acker, S. (2004). Women academics and faculty shortages. Through the lens of gender analysis. The Ontario Council of University Faculty Associations Forum, Spring 2004 issue, pp. 20–23. Retrieved June 2004 from http://www.ocufa.on.ca.
- Argyle, M. 1975Bodily CommunicationInternational Universities PressNew YorkGoogle Scholar
- Baldridge, D.C., Veiga, J.F. 2001Toward a greater understanding of the willingness to request an accommodation: Can requesters’ beliefs disable the Americans with Disabilities Act?Academy of Management Review268589Google Scholar
- Campbell, L., Rohan, M.J. and Woodcock, K. (2005). Academic and educational interpreting from the other side of the classroom: Working with Deaf academics. Manuscript submitted for publicationGoogle Scholar
- Canadian Hearing Society (2001). Public awareness campaign. Retrieved November 2004 from http://www.chs.ca/ad.html.
- Colella, A. 2001Coworker distributive fairness judgements of the workplace accommodation of employees with disabilitiesAcademy of Management Review26100116Google Scholar
- Deaf Academics (2005). Deaf Academics Website. http://www.deafacademics.org. Retrieved August 3, 2005
- Demorest, M.E., Bernstein, L.E. 1997Relationships between subjective ratings and objective measures of performance in speechreading sentencesJournal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research40900911Google Scholar
- McGuire, R.M., Hernandez-Rebollar J., Starner T., Henderson V., Brashear H. and Ross D.S. (2004). ‘Towards a one-way American sign-language translator’, in Proceedings of the Sixth IEEE International Conference on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition. Seoul, South Korea: Institute of Electrical and Electronics EngineersGoogle Scholar
- National Science Foundation. Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities. Program Announcement NSF-02-115. Arlington VA: Author (available online www.nsf.gov//pubs/2002/nsf02115/nsf02115.pdf.). Accessed August 2005Google Scholar
- Rohan, M.J. (2005). Just another lecturer? Mainstream University students’ response to their lecturer. Manuscript submitted for publicationGoogle Scholar
- Sneed, S., Joss, D. 1999Deafness and hearing loss – a global health problemWork1293101Google Scholar
- Stuckless, R. 1994Developments in real-time speech-to-text communication for people with impaired hearingRoss, M. eds. Communication Access for People with Hearing LossYork PressBaltimore, MD197226Google Scholar
- Williams, K.D. 2001 Ostracism: The Power of SilenceGuilford PublicationsNew York, NYGoogle Scholar
- Woodcock, K. (2003). Creating the Inclusive Academy. Ottawa, ON: Presentation to the Canadian Association of University Teachers Council Meeting.Google Scholar
- Woodcock, K., Aguayo, M. 2000Deafened People: Adjustment and SupportUniversity of Toronto PressTorontoGoogle Scholar
- Woodcock, K. and Pole, J. (2005). The health of Deaf Canadians. Manuscript in preparationGoogle Scholar