Health Care Management Science

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 254–269

Resource planning for ambulance services in mass casualty incidents: a DES-based policy model

  • Marion S. Rauner
  • Michaela M. Schaffhauser-Linzatti
  • Helmut Niessner
Article

Abstract

Due to an increasing number of mass casualty incidents, which are generally complex and unique in nature, we suggest that decision makers consider operations research-based policy models to help prepare emergency staff for improved planning and scheduling at the emergency site. We thus develop a discrete-event simulation policy model, which is currently being applied by disaster-responsive ambulance services in Austria. By evaluating realistic scenarios, our policy model is shown to enhance the scheduling and outcomes at operative and online levels. The proposed scenarios range from small, simple, and urban to rather large, complex, remote mass casualty emergencies. Furthermore, the organization of an advanced medical post can be improved on a strategic level to increase rescue quality, including enhanced survival of injured victims. In particular, we consider a realistic mass casualty incident at a brewery relative to other exemplary disasters. Based on a variety of such situations, we derive general policy implications at both the macro (e.g., strategic rescue policy) and micro (e.g., operative and online scheduling strategies at the emergency site) levels.

Keywords

Discrete event simulation Decision support system Disaster planning for ambulance services Management games 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marion S. Rauner
    • 1
  • Michaela M. Schaffhauser-Linzatti
    • 2
  • Helmut Niessner
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Innovation and Technology ManagementUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Department of External AccountingUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  3. 3.ViennaAustria

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