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Health Care Analysis

, Volume 26, Issue 4, pp 326–343 | Cite as

Are Concerns About Irremediableness, Vulnerability, or Competence Sufficient to Justify Excluding All Psychiatric Patients from Medical Aid in Dying?

  • William RooneyEmail author
  • Udo Schuklenk
  • Suzanne van de Vathorst
Original Article

Abstract

Some jurisdictions that have decriminalized assisted dying (like Canada) exclude psychiatric patients on the grounds that their condition cannot be determined to be irremediable, that they are vulnerable and in need of protection, or that they cannot be determined to be competent. We review each of these claims and find that none have been sufficiently well-supported to justify the differential treatment psychiatric patients experience with respect to assisted dying. We find bans on psychiatric patients’ access to this service amount to arbitrary discrimination. Proponents of banning the practice ignore or overlook alternatives to their proposal, like an assisted dying regime with additional safeguards. Some authors have further criticized assisted dying for psychiatric patients by highlighting allegedly problematic practices in those countries which allow it. We address recent evidence from the Netherlands, showing that these problems are either misrepresented or have straightforward solutions. Even if one finds such evidence troubling despite our analysis, other jurisdictions need not adopt every feature of the Dutch system.

Keywords

Medical assistance in dying Irremediable Vulnerable Competence assessment Decisional capacity Depression Euthanasia Physician assisted suicide 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhilosophyQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada
  2. 2.Department of Medical EthicsUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Medical Ethics and Philosophy - Erasmus Medical CentreErasmus UniversityRotterdamThe Netherlands

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