Changes in growth, photosynthetic capacity and ionic relations in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) due to pre-sowing seed treatment with polyamines

Abstract

The influence of pre-sowing seed treatment with polyamines (2.5 mM putrescine, 5.0 mM spermidine and 2.5 mM spermine) on growth, photosynthetic capacity, and ion accumulation in two spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars MH-97 (intolerant) and Inqlab-91 (tolerant) was examined. The primed seeds of each treatment and non-primed seeds were sown in a field containing 15 dS m−1 NaCl. Although all three polyamines were effective in improving shoot growth and grain yield in both cultivars under saline conditions, the effect of spermine was very pronounced particularly in improving grain yield. Different priming agents did not affect the net CO2 assimilation rate and transpiration rate of either cultivar. However, pre-treatment with spermidine increased stomatal conductance (gs) in the tolerant cultivar, whereas with spermine stomatal conductance decreased in the intolerant cultivar under salt stress. Priming agents had different effects on the accumulation of different ions in wheat plant tissues. When spermidine and distilled water were used as priming agents, they were effective in reducing shoot [Na+] in the tolerant and intolerant cultivars, respectively under saline conditions. Although all priming agents caused an increase in shoot [K+], distilled water was more effective in improving shoot [K+] in both cultivars under salt stress. Pre-treatment with spermidine was very effective in reducing shoot [Cl] under saline conditions particularly in the tolerant cultivar. However, the pattern of accumulation of different ions in roots due to different seed priming treatments was not consistent in either cultivar except that root Na+ decreased due to priming with spermine and spermidine in the intolerant and tolerant cultivars under saline conditions. In conclusion, although all three priming agents, spermine, spermidine and putrescine, were effective in alleviating the adverse effect of salt stress on wheat plants, their effects on altering the concentration of different ions and growth were different in the two cultivars differing in salt tolerance.

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Iqbal, M., Ashraf, M. Changes in growth, photosynthetic capacity and ionic relations in spring wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) due to pre-sowing seed treatment with polyamines. Plant Growth Regul 46, 19–30 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10725-005-5901-8

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Keywords

  • Hormonal priming
  • Ion concentration
  • Photosynthesis
  • Plant hormones
  • Salt stress
  • Salt tolerance