‘Neodomesticates’ of the Himalayan allium spices (Allium species) in Uttarakhand, India and studies on eco-geography and morphology


The study on Himalayan allium spices was undertaken with specific reference to commercially important taxa belonging to the genus Allium viz. A. stracheyi Baker, A. wallichii Kunth, A. przewaliskianum Regel and an Allium ‘new type’. Based on eco-geographical and morphological studies, the ‘new type’ Allium was identified as ‘neodomesticate’ for the western Himalaya region, Uttarakhand, along with other potential less-known taxa viz. A. stracheyi, A. wallichii, and A. przewaliskianum that are yet to be cultivated on large scale in India. Data on morphological characters of all four species when was subjected to statistical analysis Allium ‘new type’ grouped closer to A. przewaliskianum as compared to remaining two taxa. The study is aimed to support use of morphological data in species identification besides enhancing knowledge on propagation, post-harvest methods, conservation status and species uses that would facilitate trade related practices for economic enhancement of the farming communities.

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The authors are thankful to the Director, ICAR-NBPGR for support, and encouragement. Feedback from local people of Uttarakhand and farming community Sh. Rudra Singh Butola, Sh. Mohan Singh Butola from Tolma, Sh. Sher Singh Rana from Fagti, Sh. Mohan Singh Rana from Malari, Sh. Gaur Singh Dungriyal from Kailashpur, Sh. Bachan Singh Rana from Niti Village and Smt. Rukmani Devi from Gamshali are duly acknowledged for providing field information. Senior author felt the need to work on commercially known Allium species under cultivation in the area of survey and exploration especially with reference to various identity related issues that needed immediate attention by the plant genetic resource scientists and others in the market chain.


Study was conducted by using the institutional funding resources from ICAR-NBPGR, New Delhi.

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Correspondence to Anjula Pandey.

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the authors declare that they have no conflict of interest on the content of manuscript and study undertaken. Research involving human participants and informed consent: a clear expression of consent was obtained from the farmers/ informants who participated in discussion and provided feedback on elaborating the purpose of research study; they provided information on undertaking data on knowledge resource.

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Pandey, A., Malav, P.K., Rai, M.K. et al. ‘Neodomesticates’ of the Himalayan allium spices (Allium species) in Uttarakhand, India and studies on eco-geography and morphology. Genet Resour Crop Evol 68, 2167–2179 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-021-01164-x

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  • Endangered species
  • Neodomesticates
  • On-farm conservation
  • Propagation
  • Strachey’s chive