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Genetic diversity of Guatemalan climbing bean collections

Abstract

Common bean is the most important legume crop for human consumption around the world. For this reason, bean breeders are challenged with increasing bean production while facing new problems like climate change. Guatemalan climbing beans have been suggested to represent a previously undefined race in the Middle American gene pool that may represent an untapped source of alleles for bean improvement that can contribute to solving production problems affecting both developed and developing countries. The genetic diversity, population structure, and genetic differentiation of two Guatemalan climbing bean collections were analyzed with ~ 45,000 SNPs markers and confirmed the existence of race Guatemala in the Middle American gene pool and its differentiation from other races. Further analysis using geospatial data, showed that elevation was an important factor when defining the population structure of race Guatemala beans.

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Acknowledgments

The research project was supported by the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Grain Legumes funded by the United States Agency for International Development through Grant number EDH-A-00-07-00005-00 (S01.A1–NDSU: Genetic Improvement of Guatemalan Climbing Beans for Efficient Production in the Highlands). We also thank to ICTA authorities in Guatemala for allowing the use of their germplasm collections.

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Contributions

MGTP and RKL conducted the laboratory work. SMM, MGTP and PEM completed the statistical analyses, while JCVM provided all the phenotypic data of the bean collections. JMO and PEM contributed with the conception and design of the study as well as the supervision of the project. DJD and BR contributed in the seed samples collection of the GUA-2015 germplasm collection at Guatemala, and together with MKM designed the survey and provided the data of this collection. All authors contributed with the writing and revision process and approved the final manuscript.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to María Gabriela Tobar Piñón.

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The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest on this study and manuscript.

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Appendix

Appendix

See the Tables 6.

Table 6 InDel Markers used in the intra-accession analysis

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Tobar Piñón, M.G., Mafi Moghaddam, S., Lee, R.K. et al. Genetic diversity of Guatemalan climbing bean collections. Genet Resour Crop Evol 68, 639–656 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-020-01013-3

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Keywords

  • Phaseolus vulgaris
  • Race Guatemala
  • Population structure
  • Milpa system