Vigna khandalensis (Santapau) Raghavan et Wadhwa: a promising underutilized, wild, endemic legume of the Northern Western Ghats, India
- 121 Downloads
Vigna khandalensis (Santapau) Raghavan et Wadhwa, is an endemic legume belonging to subgenus Ceratotropis (Asian Vigna), genus Vigna of the family Fabaceae. It is commonly known as ‘Ranmung’, ‘Jungli mung’ or ‘Badamung’. V. khandalensis is sporadically distributed at high altitude areas in the Northern Western Ghats, India. It is an annual, erect, tall herb growing along roadsides, hilly slopes, pond sides and near human settlements. The legume seeds are utilized by human beings at the time of famine. Surprisingly, the plant remains neglected and underutilized although its high nutritional value. The scant information on V. khandalensis leads us to investigate this underexploited and underutilized legume as a food source for human. The present paper deals with geographical distribution, taxonomy, ecology, agro-morphological characterization, nutritional content and phytochemical analysis. The results obtained in the present investigation provide information on agro-morphological traits and nutritional potential of V. khandalensis. Furthermore, it is promoted as a legume ‘Crop for the Future’ for food security.
KeywordsCrop wild relative Genetic resources Malnutrition Nutritional value Underutilized legume Vigna khandalensis
The authors are grateful to the Director, ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), New Delhi and Head, Department of Botany, Yashavantrao Chavan Institute of Science, Satara for providing necessary laboratory facilities.
This work was supported by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) under “National Agricultural Innovation Project (NAIP) Component-4, sub-project Code: 4143” and Research Advisory Committee, Yashavantrao Chavan Institute of Science, Satara for financial support under “Financial Assistance to faculty for self funded Project (RSS/YCIS/RAC/5)”.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- AOAC (2005) Official methods of analysis, 18th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
- Babu CR, Sharma SK, Johri BM (1987) Leguminosae-Papilionoideae. Tribe: phaseoleae. Bull Bot Sur India 27:1–28Google Scholar
- Bhagat RB, Chambhare M, Mate S, Dudhale A, Zaware BN (2016) Prospective wild edible fruit plants from part of northern Western Ghats (NWG), Mulshi (MS), India. J Med Plants Stud 4:15–19Google Scholar
- Chadburn H (2012) Vigna khandalensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T19892969A20163711, Downloaded on Feb 2018Google Scholar
- Cocon M, Daine VJ (1973) Analysis of protein and amino acids. Oxford University Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
- Deshpande S, Sharma BD, Nayar MP (1993) Flora of Mahabaleshwar and adjoining Maharashtra, Flora of India, Series 3. Botanical Survey of India, Government of India, CalcuttaGoogle Scholar
- Dixit TM, Sutar SP, Yadav SR, Bhat KV, Rao SR (2011) Vigna indica, a new name for Vigna trilobata var. pusilla and a note on section Aconitifoliae in India. Rheedea 21:1–7Google Scholar
- FDA (2010) Department of Health and Human Services Subchapter B-Food for Human Consumption (Revised as of April 1, 2017) Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21, vol 2. 21CFR101.9Google Scholar
- Hedge JE, Hofreiter BT (1962) Determination of total carbohydrate by anthrone method. In: Whistler RL, Be Miller JN (eds) Methods in carbohydrate chemistry, vol 17. Academic Press, New York, p 420Google Scholar
- IBPGR (1985) Descriptors for Vigna mungo and V. radiata (Revised). International Board for Plant Genetic Resources, RomeGoogle Scholar
- Issac RA, Johnson WC (1975) Collaborative study of wet and dry techniques for the elemental analysis of plant tissue by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. J Assoc Off Anal Chem 58:436–440Google Scholar
- Kalidass C, Mohan VR (2012) Nutritional composition and antinutritional factors of little-known species of Vigna. Trop Subtrop Agroecosyst 15:525–538Google Scholar
- Kizil S (2006) Effects of different harvest stages on yield and essential oil content of thyme (Thymus kotschyanus Boiss. & Hohen). Asian J Chem 18:2353–2358Google Scholar
- Kumar S, Sane PV (2003) Legumes of South Asia: a check-list. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, KewGoogle Scholar
- Lakshminarasimhan P, Sharma BD (1991) Flora of Nasik District. Botanical Survey of India, Government of India, Calcutta, p 644Google Scholar
- Lewis G, Schrire B, MacKinder B, Lock M (eds) (2005) Legumes of the world. Royal Botanical Gardens, KewGoogle Scholar
- Maréchal R, Mascherpa JM, Stainier F (1978) Étude taxonomique d’un groupe complexe d’espèces des genres Phaseolus et Vigna (Papilionaceae) sur la base de données morphologiques et polliniques traitées par l’analyse informatique [Taxonomic study of one complex group of species from the Phaseolus-Vigna genera based on morphology and palynology data treated to computer analysis]. Boissiera 28:1–273Google Scholar
- Mishra DK, Singh NP (2001) Endemic and threatened flowering plants of Maharashtra. Government of India, CalcuttaGoogle Scholar
- Pandiyan M, Senthil N, Ramamoorthi N, Muthiah AR, Tomooka N, Daucan V, Jayaraj T (2010) Interspecific hybridization of Vigna radiata × 13 wild Vigna species for developing MYMV donar. Electron J Plant Breed 1(4):600–610Google Scholar
- Raghavan RS, Wadhwa BM (1972) On the nomenclature of Vigna grandis (Dalz. & Gibs.) Verdc. Curr Sci 41:429Google Scholar
- Rawat GS, Desai A, Somanathan S, Wikramanayake ED (2001) North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests (IM0134)Google Scholar
- Singh NP, Kulkarni BG (1990) Vigna khandalensis. In: Nayar MP, Sastry ARK (eds) Red data book of Indian plants. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, p 153Google Scholar
- Walter KS, Gillett HJ (eds) (1998) 1997 IUCN red list of threatened plants. Compiled by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. IUCN—The World Conservation Union, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK, p 862Google Scholar
- Yadav SR, Aitawade MM, ShrikantS Bhat KV, Latha M, John JK, Malik SK, Umdale SD, Rao SR (2014) Genus Vigna Savi in India: an illustrated guide for species identification. NBPGR, New Delhi, p 64Google Scholar