National inventory and prioritization of crop wild relatives in Spain

Abstract

Crop wild relatives (CWR) have recently received significant attention due to their value as plant genetic resources and their contribution to world food security. We present a prioritized checklist of CWR in Spain in which the criteria of crossability with crops of economic importance, endemicity and threat status have been taken into account. First, we selected a list of genera corresponding to the most relevant crops for Spain and at the international level. These crops were classified into use categories (Food, Forage & Fodder, Ornamental, and Industrial & Other uses) depending on their main use. The wild plant species native to Spain belonging to these genera were then listed. After evaluation by national experts in plant breeding, the resulting checklist contained 929 species. Further selection based on crossability, endemicity and threat status led to the generation of the Prioritized Spanish Checklist of crop wild relatives containing 578 species. Thirty-two percent of these species belong to the Forage & Fodder use category, 28% to the Ornamental category, 24% to the Food category and 16% to the Industrial & Other uses category. Thirty-five percent of the prioritized species are endemic to Spain, and over one-fourth are classified under some category of threat according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Endemicity and threat status rates in the Prioritized Spanish Checklist of CWR were higher than those found in the prioritized CWR inventories of other countries. A ex situ assessment reporting number of accessions showed that 70% of the prioritized Spanish CWR have accessions preserved in genebanks.

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Acknowledgements

We thank the European PGR Secure project (Novel characterization of crop wild relative and landrace resources as a basis for improved crop breeding. European Commission Framework Programme 7 collaborative project; Grant Agreement No. 266394) which supported this work and its participants which provided helpful and valuable comments on our work during the project implementation. We appreciate the advice provided by the following experts in plant breeding: Dr. Mallor, Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón, Dr. Díez, Instituto Universitario de Conservación y Mejora de la Agrodiversidad Valenciana, Dr. Rubiales, Instituto de Agricultura Sostenible, Centro Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Dr. Oliveira, Universidad de Oviedo, and Dr. Ordás and Dr. Cartea, Misión Biológica de Galicia. We also thank the following germplasm banks and data repositories for providing information on ex situ holdings: Nat-Museu de Ciencies Naturals de Barcelona, Banco de Germoplasma Real Jardín Botánico Juan Carlos I, Banco de Semillas de Macaronesia—Jardín Botánico “Viera y Clavijo”, Banco de Germoplasma Vegetal Andaluz, Jardín Botánico de Córdoba, Banco de Semillas de la Universidad de Valencia, Banco de Germoplasma del Jardín Botánico Atlántico, Banco de Germoplasma César Gómez Campo, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Banco de Germoplasma, Real Jardín Botánico de Madrid, Banco de Germoplasma del Jardín Botánico de Sóller, Jardí Botànic Marimurtra, Banco de Germoplasma de Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture, EURISCO, and REDBAG network. Finally, we also thank Lori De Hond for her linguistic assistance.

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Rubio Teso, M.L., Torres Lamas, E., Parra-Quijano, M. et al. National inventory and prioritization of crop wild relatives in Spain. Genet Resour Crop Evol 65, 1237–1253 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-018-0610-0

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Keywords

  • Food Security
  • Plant Diversity Conservation
  • Spanish Plant Genetic Resources
  • Checklist
  • Threatened Plants