Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 64, Issue 7, pp 1661–1674 | Cite as

Morphological, isoenzymatic and ISSRs-based description of diversity of eight sand oat (Avena strigosa Schreb.) landraces

  • Wiesław Podyma
  • Maja BoczkowskaEmail author
  • Bogdan Wolko
  • Denise F. Dostatny
Research Article


The paper presents a diversity study of eight Avena strigosa landraces originating from different parts of the world. The analysis was based on morphological description, isoenzymes and inter simple sequence repeats. Uniquely, the variability within each tested accession at the DNA level was identified. The isoenzymes analysis was not sufficiently sensitive to detect differences among accessions. Extended analysis using morphology and molecular markers allowed distinction among landraces. The accession PL51584 from France showed significant genetic distinctiveness from all other accessions. We applied the generalized procrustes analysis to compare the results of the surveys. It allowed identifying two groups of accessions. The first one consisting of three landraces originated from Southwestern Europe, while the second one was formed by three accessions originated from central and east Europe together with Argentinian one. The Southwestern Europe landrace retained their distinctness. The accessions that originated from South America were slightly more internally diverse than the European accessions. It may be a reflection of the different usage i.e. for forage, pasture or as a cover crop instead of grain. During the last century sand oat was controlled as a weed in Europe, while in South America its potential as a forage crop in marginal environments was appreciated and new cultivars were developed. A new attitude arises presently towards to A. strigosa in Europe.


Avena strigosa Diversity Isoenzymes ISSR Landraces Morphology Sand oat 



The authors would like to express their utmost gratitude to Zofia Bulińska-Radomska, the former head of National Centre for Plant Genetic Resources, IHAR-PIB, who makes the analysis presented in this paper possible. We also extend heartfelt thanks to Bogusław Łapiński, Elżbieta Tarczyk and the other NCPGR team members for their invaluable help during the experiments and constructive remarks. This work was supported by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of Poland in the form of the Multi-annual Program (2008–2013) and statutory founds of the Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute (IHAR), National Research Institute.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors certify that they have no affiliations with or involvement in any organization or entity with any financial interest, or non-financial interest in the subject matter or materials discussed in this manuscript.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wiesław Podyma
    • 1
  • Maja Boczkowska
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bogdan Wolko
    • 2
  • Denise F. Dostatny
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute (IHAR)National Research InstituteBłoniePoland
  2. 2.Institute of Plant GeneticsPolish Academy of SciencesPoznańPoland

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