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Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 64, Issue 2, pp 379–390 | Cite as

The coexistence of oleaster and traditional varieties affects genetic diversity and population structure in Algerian olive (Olea europaea) germplasm

  • S. Boucheffa
  • M. M. Miazzi
  • V. di Rienzo
  • G. Mangini
  • V. Fanelli
  • A. Tamendjari
  • D. Pignone
  • C. Montemurro
Research Article

Abstract

The present work was aimed at assessing the genetic diversity of 42 local cultivars and oleaster genotypes from the area of Bejaia in Algeria. Fifteen highly polymorphic Simple Sequence Repeat markers were evaluated and proved to be very informative, producing a total number of 160 alleles with an average value of 10.7 per locus; the SSRs DCA09 and DCA16 were the most informative, distinguishing 17 and 19 genotypes, respectively. Phylogenetic and population structure analysis split the accessions in two main groups corresponding to most of oleasters and most of traditional varieties, respectively. Interestingly, ten traditional varieties resulted strictly related to the oleasters, indicating hybridization between the two botanical varieties. Genetic parameters and private alleles of groups confirmed this observation and indicated a wide genetic variability in Algerian olive germplasm. The results suggest the need to preserve and characterize this germplasm in order to limit the risk of losing potential important genetic traits present in the crop wild relatives.

Keywords

Algerian local cultivars Genetic structure Microsatellite markers Oleasters Olea europaea 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work has been carried out with financial support from the University of Bari-Projects: Idea Giovani 2010/11, Fondo Ateneo 2012, and Cofin PRIN 2009, coordinated by Dr. Cinzia Montemurro. We are also grateful to Dr. Stacey L. Harmer for the English revision of the present manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they do not have competing and conflicting interests.

Supplementary material

10722_2016_365_MOESM1_ESM.docx (17 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 17 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Boucheffa
    • 1
  • M. M. Miazzi
    • 2
  • V. di Rienzo
    • 2
    • 3
  • G. Mangini
    • 2
  • V. Fanelli
    • 2
  • A. Tamendjari
    • 1
  • D. Pignone
    • 4
  • C. Montemurro
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Biochimie Appliquée, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la VieUniversité de BejaiaBejaïaAlgeria
  2. 2.Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences (DI.S.S.P.A.)University of BariBariItaly
  3. 3.Spin Off SINAGRI s.r.l.BariItaly
  4. 4.National Council of Research of ItalyInstitute of Biosciences and BioresourcesBariItaly

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