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Assessment of genetic variability in the endangered Citrus macroptera Mont. (“hatkora”) from Mizoram, north-east India

Abstract

Assessment of genetic variability in the available germplasm is the prerequisite for development of improved genotypes through planned breeding programmes. In view of this, 39 “hatkora” (Citrus macroptera Mont.) genotypes collected from different locations of Mizoram, India were evaluated for physico-chemical characteristics during 2013–2015. The study reveals that there was significant variation among the collections in these particular traits. Individual fruit weight ranged from 277.78 to 617.69 g; fruit diameter 9.32–12.52 cm; fruit length 7.74–10.19 cm, fruit volume 238.33–583.33 cc; pulp weight 153.75–320.94 g; pulp:peel ratio 1.50–3.24 and seed number 9.33–23.6. Similarly, the chemical parameters also varied significantly among different germplasms. The juice content varied from 13.45 to 32.53 %, ascorbic acid 34.81–73.64 mg/100 mL, TSS 6.15–9.10 %, acidity 5.03–8.75 %, total sugars 5.16–7.97 % and sugar:acid ratio 0.75–1.52. From the analysis of genetic parameters, it could be concluded that characters like fruit weight, fruit length, fruit diameter, fruit volume, pulp weight, pulp–peel ratio, juice, Total soluble solids (TSS), acidity, ascorbic acid, total sugars, and sugar–acid ratio could be used as selection criteria for development of effective and productive plant types in “hatkora”. Wide range of variation in physico-chemical parameters of “hatkora” fruits indicated the great scope of individual plant selection based on these characters for future genetic improvement programme.

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Correspondence to T. K. Hazarika.

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Hazarika, T.K., Lalchhanmawia, J., Chhangte, L. et al. Assessment of genetic variability in the endangered Citrus macroptera Mont. (“hatkora”) from Mizoram, north-east India. Genet Resour Crop Evol 64, 321–330 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-015-0354-z

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Keywords

  • Citrus macroptera
  • Genetic diversity
  • Mizoram
  • North-east India
  • Physico-chemical characteristics