Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 61, Issue 2, pp 491–498 | Cite as

Microsatellite mapping of the genes for sham ramification and extra glume in spikelets of tetraploid wheat

  • Y. Amagai
  • A. J. Aliyeva
  • N. Kh. Aminov
  • P. Martinek
  • N. Watanabe
  • T. Kuboyama
Research Article


The loci for expression of prolonged spikelet rachilla named ‘sham ramification’ in three tetraploid wheat accessions, two accessions of Triticum jakubzineri Udacz. et Schachm. (2n = 4× = 28, genome BBAA) ‘PI 585014’ and ‘R-101-03’ and one sample of Triticum turgidum L. (2n = 4× = 28, genome BBAA) ‘PI 67339’, were mapped by genotyping F2 populations using microsatellite markers. The segregation analysis confirmed that sham ramification was controlled by recessive, epistatic genes, shr1 (sham ramification 1) and shr2 (sham ramification 2). The genotypes of ‘sham ramification’ were shr1shr1Shr2Shr2 for T. jakubzineri and Shr1Shr1shr2shr2 for T. turgidum (PI 67339). Normal rachilla was determined by Shr1Shr1Shr2Shr2. The shr1 gene and the gene for extra glume (exg) were completely linked; and, the shr1/exg gene complex was bracketed by the markers Xbarc319 and Xbarc232 on the long arm of chromosome 5A. In the F2 of PI 67339/LD222 the gene shr2 was bracketed by Xwmc819 and Xwmc794 on the long arm of chromosome 2A.


Extra glume Genetic resource Sham ramification Triticum durum Desf. Triticumjakubzineri Udacz. et Schachm. Triticum turgidum 



We acknowledge the gift of seed of tetraploid wheat from the National Small Grain Collection (NSGC), Aberdeen, Idaho, USA. We thank Dr. D. L. Klindworth, USDA-ARS, Northern Crop Science Lab., Fargo, USA for helpful comments on our manuscript. P.M. thanks for project RO0211 of the Ministry of Agriculture of Czech Republic.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Amagai
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. J. Aliyeva
    • 3
  • N. Kh. Aminov
    • 3
  • P. Martinek
    • 4
  • N. Watanabe
    • 1
  • T. Kuboyama
    • 1
  1. 1.College of AgricultureIbaraki UniversityInashikiJapan
  2. 2.United Graduate School of Agricultural ScienceTokyo University of Agriculture and TechnologyFuchuJapan
  3. 3.Cytogenetics Department, Genetic Resources InstituteAzerbaijan National Academy of SciencesBakuAzerbaijan
  4. 4.Agrotest Fyto, Ltd.KroměřížCzech Republic

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