Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 60, Issue 1, pp 265–274 | Cite as

Geographical variation of foxtail millet, Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. based on rDNA PCR–RFLP

  • Meiko Eda
  • Ayumi Izumitani
  • Katsuyuki Ichitani
  • Makoto Kawase
  • Kenji Fukunaga
Research Article


The rDNA PCR–RFLP of foxtail millet (Setaria italica) germ-plasm collected throughout Eurasia and from a part of Africa was investigated with five restriction enzymes according to our previous study. Foxtail millet germ-plasms were classified by length of the rDNA IGS and RFLP; clear geographical differentiation was observed between East Asia, the Nansei Islands of Japan-Taiwan-the Philippines area, South Asia and Afghanistan-Pakistan. We also found evidence of migration of foxtail millet landraces between the areas. We calculated diversity index (D) for each region and found that center of diversity of this millet is East Asia such as China, Korea and Japan.


Foxtail millet Geographical variation PCR–RFLP rDNA Setaria italica 

Supplementary material

10722_2012_9832_MOESM1_ESM.xls (66 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLS 65 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meiko Eda
    • 1
  • Ayumi Izumitani
    • 1
  • Katsuyuki Ichitani
    • 2
  • Makoto Kawase
    • 3
  • Kenji Fukunaga
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Life and Environmental SciencesPrefectural University of HiroshimaHiroshimaJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of AgricultureKagoshima UniversityKagoshimaJapan
  3. 3.Genetic Resources Center (NIAS Genebank)National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences (NIAS)TsukubaJapan

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