Jatropha gossypiifolia L. (Euphorbiaceae) is a small shrub native to Mexico and Subtropical America, now grows naturally in most tropical areas of the world. It is a neglected and underutilized plant of multiple values. It is cultivated as live fence for the protection of agricultural crops and various parts of the plant are globally used for healthcare management of human being and domesticated animals. Young stem and leaves of the plant are vital source of herbal dye for dying cotton yarn. Present paper deals with distribution, morphological description, propagation and utilization of this species. During present study young stem and leaves of J. gossypiifolia were collected from natural vegetation and colouring material was obtained by aqueous extraction method. The colouring material was used to dye cotton yarn and the dyed cotton yarn was evaluated for fastness properties by several after treatments like effect of sunlight, rubbing in water, detergent (powder and cake), lime water and citrus juice. The dyed cotton yarn shows excellent fastness properties. On the basis of present study it is concluded that J. gossypiifolia is a potential source of herbal dye for dying cotton yarn.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Anonymous (1959) The wealth of India—raw material, vol 4. Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi
Auvin-Guette C, Baraguey C, Blond A, Pousset JL, Bodo B (1997) Cyclogossine B, a cyclic octapeptide from Jatropha gossypiifolia. J Nat Prod 60:1155–1157
Basualdo I, Zardini EM, Ortiz M (1995) Medicinal plants of Paraguay: underground organs. II. Econ Bot 49:387–394
Brussell DE (2004) A medicinal plant collection from Montserrat, West Indies. Econ Bot 58:S203–S220
Burkill HM (1994) The useful plants of West Tropical Africa, vol 2. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Collins S, Martins X, Mitchell A, Teshome A, Arnason JT (2006) Quantitative ethnobotany of two east Timorese cultures. Econ Bot 60:347–361
De Oliveira SJ, Leite PM, de Souza BL, Mello VM, Silva EC, Rubim JC et al (2009) Characteristic and composition of Jatropha gossypiifolia and Jatropha curcas L. oils and application for biodiesel production. Biomass Bioenergy 32:449–453
Devappa RK, Makkar HPS, Becker K (2011) Jatropha diterpenes: a review. J Am Oil Chem Soc 88:301–322
Falodun A, Josephs GC, Okeri HA, Oribhabor A (2010) Partial chromatographic characterization and antimicrobial evaluation of Jatropha gossypiifolia extract and its fractions. Biosci Res Commun 22(3):167–174
Gandhi VM, Cherian KM, Mulky MJ (1995) Toxicological studies on ratanjot oil. Food Chem Toxicol 33:39–42
Gokhale SB, Tatiya AU, Bakliwal SR, Fursule RA (2004) Natural dye yielding plants in India. Natl Product Radiance 3:228–234
Heller J (1996) Physic nut, Jatropha curcas L. promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops 1. Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research, Gatersleben
Howard RA (1989) Flora of the Lesser Antilles, Leeward and Windward Islands, vol 5. Arnold Arboretum, Harvard University, Jamaica
Jain SK (2000) Human aspects of plant diversity. Econ Bot 54:459–470
Jain A, Katewa SS, Chaudhary BL, Galav P (2004) Folk herbal medicines used in birth control and sexual diseases by tribals of southern Rajasthan, India. J Ethnopharmacol 90:171–177
Kumar A (2004) Ethnobotanical aspects of pharmacological flora used by Tharu Tribes in Terai belt of North-eastern Uttar Pradesh. Ph.D. Thesis. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Avadh University, Faizabad
Kumar A, Pandey VC, Tewari DD (2011) Documentation and determination of consensus about phytotherapeutic veterinary practices among the Tharu tribal community of Uttar Pradesh, India. Trop Anim Health Prod. doi:10.1007/s11250-011-9979-x
Lans C, Harper T, Georges K, Bridgewater E (2001) Medicinal and ethnoveterinary remedies of hunters in Trinidad. BMC Complemen Alt Med 1:10. doi:10.1186/1472-6882-1-10
Mahanta D, Tiwari SC (2005) Natural dye yielding plants and indigenous knowledge in Arunachal Pradesh, Northeast India. Curr Sci India 88:1474–1780
Mishra S, Chaudhury SS (2011) Ethnobotanical flora used by four major tribes of Koraput, Odisha, India. Genet Resour Crop Evol. doi:10.1007/s10722-011-9719-0
Morton JF (1968) A survey of medicinal plants of Curacao. Econ Bot 22:87–102
Nath KK, Deka P, Borthakur SK (2011) Traditional remedies of joint pain in Assam. Indian J Tradit Know 10:568–571
Oduola T, Adeosun GO, Oduola TA, Avwioro GO (2005a) Mechanism of action of Jatropha gossypiifolia latex as a haemostatic agent. Eur J Gen Med 2:140–143
Oduola T, Avwioro GO, Ayanniyi TB (2005b) Suitability of leaf extract of Jatropha gossypiifolia as an anticoagulant for biochemical and haematological analysis. Afr J Biotech 4:679–681
Parrotta JA (2001) Healing plants of Peninsular India. CABI Publishing, Wallingford
Parveen, Upadhyay B, Roy S, Kumar A (2007) Traditional uses of medicinal plants among the rural communities of Churu district in the Thar Desert, India. J Ethnopharmacol 113:387–399
Ravindranath N, Venkataiah B, Ramesh C, Jayaprakash P, Das B (2003) Jatrophenone, a novel macrocyclic bioactive diterpene from Jatropha gossypiifolia. Chem Pharm Bull 51:870–871
Singh K, Gupta S, Mathur PK (2010) Investigation on ethnomedicinal plants of district Firozabad. J Adv Lab Res Biol 1:83–87
Siva R (2007) Status of natural dyes and dye yielding plants in India. Curr Sci India 92:916–925
Tiwari SC, Bharat A (2008) Natural dye yielding plants and indigenous knowledge of dye preparation in Achanakmar—Amarkantak Biosphere reserve, Central India. Nat Prod Radiance 7:82–87
Volpato G, Godínez D, Beyra A, Barreto A (2009) Uses of medicinal plants by Haitian immigrants and their descendants in the Province of Camagüey. Cuba J Ethnobio Ethnomed 5:16. doi:10.1186/1746-4269-5-16
Authors are thankful to the director, CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute, for providing necessary facilities. Thanks are also due to Dr K. Hammer, Editor in Chief and two anonymous reviewers for their critical comments and suggestions.
About this article
Cite this article
Kumar, A., Singh, N. Jatropha gossypiifolia L.: a potential genetic resource for herbal dye. Genet Resour Crop Evol 59, 949–954 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-012-9815-9
- Herbal dye
- Neglected plant
- Plant genetic resource
- Underutilized plant