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The Garlic and Shallot Core Collection image database of IPK presenting two vegetatively maintained crops in the Federal ex situ genebank for agricultural and horticultural crops at Gatersleben, Germany

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Garlic and shallot are important vegetable and spice plants, garlic is also a medicinal crop widely used throughout the world. Both belong to the genus Allium, which has been a main target of the taxonomical research at the IPK for many years. Therefore, the IPK’s living collection of Allium is one of the world’s largest special collections of this genus with garlic and shallot being essential parts of this collection. Furthermore, they are subject to special activities to preserve the material in vitro and in cryopreservation. Both methods help protecting valuable germplasm from abiotic and biotic threats and reduce the maintenance costs in the long term. At present, the garlic collection maintained at the IPK incorporates germplasm of 509 accessions in total including all safety duplicates not offered for exchange. Of shallot, 114 accessions are present as well. Passport data as well as phenotypic data of 159 accessions of garlic, one of great headed garlic and 16 of shallot are included in the Garlic and Shallot Core Collection Database (GSCC). An additional part of the database is a comprehensive collection of images illustrating morphological characteristics of the accessions. Exploration of the information is supported by a web-based application. The GSCC is available at

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We would like to thank Steffen Flemming for providing the image management software package. Characterisation of the material was enabled by the EU Projects RESGEN-CT95-20 and AGRI GENRES 050 EURALLIVEG.

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Correspondence to Uwe Scholz.

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Colmsee, C., Joachim Keller, E.R., Zanke, C. et al. The Garlic and Shallot Core Collection image database of IPK presenting two vegetatively maintained crops in the Federal ex situ genebank for agricultural and horticultural crops at Gatersleben, Germany. Genet Resour Crop Evol 59, 1407–1415 (2012).

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