Origin of waxy common millet, Panicum miliaceum L. in Japan

Abstract

We developed PCR-based markers for genotyping Waxy genes in common millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) and proposed a new hypothesis on the origin and dispersal of waxy type of Japanese landraces. I2-K staining indicated that almost all the Japanese landraces had waxy endosperm. Based on the PCR and dCAPs analyses of two waxy loci on different genomes we concluded that there were at least two possible lineages in Asian continent that had independent dispersal pathways into Japan. Most Japanese common millet had the similar genotypes with those in Korean Peninsula but a few particularly from northern part of Japan had common genotypes in northeastern China and Primorskaya Province of Russia.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

References

  1. Hunt HV, Linden MV, Giedre XL, Matuzeviciute M, Colledge S, Jones MK (2008) Millets across Eurasia: chronology and context of early records of the genera Panicum and Setaria from archaeological sites in the Old World. Veget Hist Archaeobot 17:S5–S18

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Hunt HV, Denyer K, Packman LC, Jones MK, Howe CJ (2010) Molecular basis of the waxy endosperm starch phenotype in broomcorn millet. Mol Biol Evol 27:1478–1494

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Kawase M, Fukunaga K, Kato K (2005) Diverse origins of waxy foxtail millet crops in East and Southeast Asia mediated by multiple transposable element insertions. Mol Gen Genomics 274:131–140

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Kimata M, Negishi M (2002) Geographical distribution of proso millet, Panicum miliaceum L. on iodostarch and phenol reactions; with special reference to a northern propagation route into Japan Islands. Environ Edu Stud Tokyo Gakugei Univ 12:15–22

    Google Scholar 

  5. Lu H, Zhang J, Liu K, Wu N, Li Y, Zhou K, Ye M, Zhang T, Zhang H, Yang X, Shen L, Xu D, Li Q (2009) Earliest domestication of common millet (Panicum miliaceum) in East Asia extended to 10, 000 years ago. Proc Natl Acad Sci 106:7367–7372

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Murray MG, Thompson WF (1980) Rapid isolation of high molecular weight plant DNA. Nucleic Acids Res 8:4321–4325

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. Nakamura T, Vrinten P, Saito M, Konda M (2002) Rapid classification of partial waxy wheats using PCR-based markers. Genome 45:1150–1156

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Neff MM, Neff JD, Chory J, Pepper AE (1998) dCAPS, a simple technique for the genetic analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms: experimental applications in Arabidopsis thaliana genetics. Plant J 14:387–392

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Sakamoto S (1987) Origin and dispersal of common millet and foxtail millet. Japan Agric Sci Q 21:84–89

    Google Scholar 

  10. Sakamoto S (1996) Glutinous-endosperm starch food culture specific to eastern and southeastern Asia. In: Ellen R, Fukui K (eds) Redefining Nature: ecology, culture and domestication. Berg Publisher, Oxford, UK, pp 215–231

  11. Tomita Y, Sugimoto Y, Sakamoto S, Fuwa H (1981) Some properties of starches of grain amaranths and several millets. J Nutr Sci Vitaminol 27:471–484

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kenji Fukunaga.

Electronic supplementary material

Below is the link to the electronic supplementary material.

Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 36 kb)

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Araki, M., Numaoka, A., Kawase, M. et al. Origin of waxy common millet, Panicum miliaceum L. in Japan. Genet Resour Crop Evol 59, 1303–1308 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-011-9755-9

Download citation

Keywords

  • dCAPS
  • Japanese landraces
  • Lineage
  • Panicum miliaceum
  • PCR
  • Waxy gene