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Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 58, Issue 5, pp 621–628 | Cite as

Inheritance of the branching in hybrid populations among tetraploid wheat species and the new branched spike line 166-Schakheli

  • Aybeniz Javad Aliyeva
  • Naib Khaliq Aminov
Short Communication

Abstract

The new branched spike form of wheat was synthesized from a cross between a complex wheat line 171ACS {[(T. durum Desf. × Ae. tauschii Coss.) × S. cereale L. ssp. segetale Zhuk.] × T. aestivum L. ‘Chinese Spring’} (2n = 6x = 42, AABBDD) and durum wheat variety T. durum Desf. ‘Bereketli-95’ (2n = 4x = 28, AABB). This branched spike form is distinguished significantly from the other branched spike forms known so far. Later on basis of these plants have been developed the branched spike lines. This study was aimed to generate the segregating populations from reciprocal (F1–F3) and backcross (BC1F1–BC1F3) crosses between one of such lines—166-Schakheli (2n = 4x = 28, AABB) and tetraploid wheat species (T. polonicum L., T. turanicum Jakubz., T. durum Desf.) for revealing the inheritance character of this branching trait and study meiotic behavior in reciprocal (F1, F2) and backcross (BC1F1) progenies. Results showed that this trait is controlled by a single recessive gene despite certain irregularity against Mendelian law in F2 generations and does not depend on gene dosage, i.e., number of chromosomes.

Keywords

Branched spike Inheritance Meiosis Recessive gene Segregation ratio Tetraploid wheat 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cytogenetics DepartmentGenetic Resources Institute, Azerbaijan National Academy of SciencesBakuAzerbaijan

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