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Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 57, Issue 1, pp 147–153 | Cite as

Indigofera glandulosa Wendl. (Barbada) a potential source of nutritious food: underutilized and neglected legume in India

  • Savaliram Goga Ghane
  • Vinayak Haribhau Lokhande
  • Mahendra Laxman Ahire
  • Tukaram Dayaram Nikam
Notes on Neglected and Underutilized Crops

Abstract

Indigofera glandulosa Wendl., (Barbada) belongs to the family Leguminosae, subfamily—Papilionoidae and tribe Indigoferae is widely distributed as weed in India, Indonesia and North Australia. It is an annual herb or sub-shrub growing along roadside and open grassland areas. The plant produce seeds rich in valuable food ingredients such as proteins, carbohydrates, essential amino acids and vitamins. The plant is described as nourishing food for human beings and is believed to possess the qualities of a tonic in Indian medicine. It is highly palatable forage legume; green plants are generally appreciated by domestic animals. Environmentally, it is utilized for the nitrogen enrichment in degraded soil, as the roots produce nodules fixing atmospheric nitrogen. It can be grown in dry regions, therefore appears to drought resistant and at low cost. The plant species remains unexploited although it has high forage and nutritious value. The meagre information on I. glandulosa lead us to explore this neglected and underutilized species to utilize it as food for human beings, forage for animals and for nitrogen enrichment of the soil. The seed viability and seed germination data revealed seed dormancy associated with the hard and impermeable seed coat and it could be overcome by treating the seeds with concentrated sulphuric acid for 10–15 min thus improving the seed germination percentage up to 75%. The result of the present investigation provides preliminary information on agronomical and morphological traits related to yield and biomass production of I. glandulosa from its natural habitat. In addition the detailed survey about taxonomic characters, distribution, cultivation and utilization of I. glandulosa has been documented.

Keywords

Forage plant Indigofera glandulosa Neglected and underutilized species Nitrogen fixation Nutritious food 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Savaliram G. Ghane is grateful to the University Grant Commission (UGC), New Delhi for financial assistance through the Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Savaliram Goga Ghane
    • 1
  • Vinayak Haribhau Lokhande
    • 1
  • Mahendra Laxman Ahire
    • 1
  • Tukaram Dayaram Nikam
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of PunePuneIndia

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