Skip to main content

Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb. cultivated as a spice in coastal regions of India

Abstract

Pandanus amaryllifolius, an herb, is cultivated in home gardens in coastal regions of India. The leaves are added to ordinary rice while cooking to impart basmati rice aroma. The plant bears the same aroma principle 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline (2AP) that has been reported in Basmati and other scented rice. Quantitatively the 2AP contents are highest in this plant among the plant kingdom. Therefore, it has good scope for commercial cultivation.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  1. Ahmad FBH, Mackeen MM, Ali AM, Mashirun SR, Yaacob MM (1995) Repellency of essential oils against the domiciliary cockroach, Periplaneta americana L. Insect Sci Appl 16(3–4):391–393

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Bhattacharjee P, Kshirsagar A, Singhal RS (2005) Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline from Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb. Food Chem 91:255–259. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.01.062

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Buttery RG, Juliano BO, Ling LC (1983) Identification of rice aroma compound 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline in pandan leaves. Chem Ind 23:478

    Google Scholar 

  4. Jiang J (1999) Volatile composition of pandan leaves (Pandanus amaryllifolius). In: Shadidi F, Ho CT (eds) Flavour chemistry of ethnic foods. Kluwer, New York, pp 105–109

    Google Scholar 

  5. Karthikeyan SK, Jain SK, Nayar MP, Sanjappa M (1989) Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae, Flora of India, series 4. Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata, pp 177–178

    Google Scholar 

  6. Keller J (2001) Pandanaceae. In: Hanelt P, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (eds) Mansfeld’s encyclopedia of agricultural and horticultural crops, vol 5. Springer, Berlin, pp 2816–2824

  7. Laohakunjit N, Noomhorm A (2004) Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline and volatile components from pandan leaves. Flavour Fragr J 19:251–259. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.01.062

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Nadaf AB, Krishnan S, Wakte KV (2006) Histochemical and biochemical analysis of major aroma compound (2-acetyl-1-pyrroline) in basmati and other scented rice (Oryza sativa L.). Curr Sci 91(11):1533–1537

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Nadaf AB, Wakte KV, Thengane RJ, Jawali N (2008) Review on Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb.: The plant with rich source of principle basmati aroma compound 2 acetyl-1-pyrroline. Icfai Univ J Biotechnol 2(4):61–76

    Google Scholar 

  10. Ooi LSM, Sun SSM, Ooi VEC (2004) Purification and characterization of a new antiviral protein from the leaves of Pandanus amaryllifolius (Pandanaceae). Int j Biochem Cell biol 36(8):1440–1446

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Peter KV (2001) Handbook of herbs and spices. Woodhead Publishing Ltd, Cambridge, pp 26–27

    Google Scholar 

  12. Peungvicha P, Thirawarapan SS, Watanabe H (1996) Hypoglycemic effect of the water extract of the root of Pandanus odorus Ridl. Biol Pharm Bull 19:364–366

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Peungvicha P, Temsiririrkkul R, Prasain JK, Tezuka Y, Kadota S, Thirawarapan SS, Watanabe H (1998a) 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid: a hypoglycemic constituent of aqueous extract of Pandanus odorus root. J Ethnopharmacol 62:79–84. doi:10.1016/S0378-8741(98)00061-0

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Peungvicha P, Thirawarapan SS, Watanabe H (1998b) 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid: a hypoglycemic constituent of aqueous extract of Pandanus odorus root II. Jpn J Pharmacol 78:395–398. doi:10.1254/jjp.78.395

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  15. Ravindran PN, Balachandran I (2005) Underutilized medicinal species—III. Spice India 18(2):16–24

    Google Scholar 

  16. Salim AA, Garson MJ, Craik DJ (2004) New alkaloids from Pandanus amaryllifolius. J Nat Prod 67(1):54–57. doi:10.1254/jjp.78.395

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Samy J, Sugumaran M, Kate LWL (2005) Herbs of Malaysia: an introduction to the medicinal, culinary, aromatic and cosmetic use of herbs. Federal Publications, Times Editions–Marshall Cavendish, Malaysia, pp 180–181

    Google Scholar 

  18. Stone BC (1978) Studies in Malesian Pandanaceae XVII. On the taxonomy of ‘Pandan Wangi’ — a Pandanus cultivar with scented leaves. Econ Bot 32(3):285–293

    Google Scholar 

  19. Takayama H, Ichikawa T, Kuwajima T, Kitajima M, Seki H, Aimi N, Nonato M (2000) Structure characterization, biomimetic total synthesis and optical purity of two new pyrrolidine alkaloids, Pandamarilactonine -A and -B, isolated from Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb. J Am Chem Soc 122(36):8635–8639. doi:10.1021/ja0009929

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. Takayama H, Ichikawa T, Kitajima M, Aimi N, Lopez D, Nonato MG (2001a) A new alkaloid, pandanamine, finding of an anticipated biogenetic intermediate in Pandanus amaryllifolius. Tetra Lett 42:2995–2996. doi:10.1016/S0040-4039(01)00339-2

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  21. Takayama H, Ichikawa T, Kitajima M, Nonato MG, Aimi N (2001b) Isolation and characterization of two new alkaloids, Norpandamarilactonine -A and -B, from Pandanus amaryllifolius by spectroscopic and synthetic methods. J Nat Prod 64:1224–1225. doi:10.1021/np010213h

    PubMed  Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  22. Takayama H, Ichikawa T, Kitajima M, Nonato MG, Aimi N (2002) Isolation and structure elucidation of two new alkaloids, pandamarilactonine-C and -D, from Pandanus amaryllifolius and revision of relative stereochemistry of Pandamarilactonine-A and -B by total synthesis. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) 50(9):1303–1304. doi:10.1248/cpb.50.1303

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  23. Thimmaraju R, Bhagyalakshmi N, Narayan MS, Venkatachalam L, Ravishankar GA (2005) In vitro culture of Pandanus amaryllifolius and enhancement of 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline, the major flavouring compound of aromatic rice, by precursor feeding of l-proline. J Sci Food Agric 85(15):2527–2534. doi:10.1002/jsfa.2286

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  24. Turner I (2007) Plants for your hair-Henna and company. Gardenwise, The Newsletter of the Singapore Botanic Gardens. 28:36

    Google Scholar 

  25. Vartak VD (1981) Note on Ambemohar-pat (Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb.) from western India. J Bombay Nat Hist Soc 78:196–198

    Google Scholar 

  26. Wakte KV, Nadaf AB, Krishnan S, Thengane RJ (2007) Studies on lower epidermal papillae, site of storage of “basmati rice” aroma compounds in Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb. Curr Sci 93(2):238–242

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  27. Wyk BEV (2005) Food plants of the world: identification, culinary uses and nutritional value. Times Editions–Marshall Cavendish, Singapore, p 275

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The financial assistance from the Department of Atomic Energy, Board of Research in Nuclear Sciences (Sanction no.: 2006/37/45/BRNS) Mumbai, India for carrying out survey is acknowledged.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Altafhusain B. Nadaf.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Wakte, K.V., Nadaf, A.B., Thengane, R.J. et al. Pandanus amaryllifolius Roxb. cultivated as a spice in coastal regions of India. Genet Resour Crop Evol 56, 735–740 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-009-9431-5

Download citation

Keywords

  • 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline
  • Home gardens
  • India
  • Pandanus amaryllifolius
  • Spice
  • Underutilized crops