Plant resources used for traditional ethnoveterinary phytotherapy in Sardinia (Italy)

Abstract

The diffusion of herbal remedies for therapies on domestic animals in Sardinia (Italy) was investigated by means of expeditions in the regional territory. The monitoring of knowledge related to plant species utilised in the past for traditional veterinary practices, favoured the recovery of ancient local traditions related to veterinary ethnobotany. Forty two species with several properties have been recorded and compared to uses on domestic animals in other Italian regions. Therapeutic uses of the same plant species for humans and animals in Sardinia have also been compared. The identification of plant species traditionally used for veterinary practices from the local flora could be also potentially useful for the isolation of natural extracts of phytotherapic interest to increase animal welfare and quality of animal productions in organic farming.

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Acknowledgements

Grateful thanks are due to the Fondazione Banco di Sardegna-Sassari, for financial support. The collaboration of the interviewed animal breeders is acknowledged, particularly among them: Mr. Addis, Baule, Bitti, Brizzi, Bullitta, Cadau, Campus, Capula, Carta, Cau, Chessa-Luzzu, Daga, Delogu, Deserra, Devaddis, Fenu-Tolu, Fresu, Liperi, Lorenzoni, Mameli, Manca, Martinelli, Mula, Mulas, Mundula, Muntoni, Murgia, Ninniri, Nonna-Chessa, Palmas, Piluzza, Posadino, Re, Sanna, Satta, Sechi, Sechi-Saba, Sini, Sotgia-Pintus, Spano, Spezzigu, Suelzu, Usai, Vasa-Manni.

Thanks are also due to Prof. G. Palmieri from the Faculty of Veterinary Science of Sassari for supporting our work, to the colleagues (G. Re, D. Dettori, S. Nieddu, P. Saba, A.P. Stangoni) from ISPAAM-CNR sez. Sassari, (G. Piras, G. Lei and G. Sini) from DISAGVA Department-Sassari and Dr. R. Vangelisti from Dept. of Biology-Pisa, for their technical support.

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Correspondence to S. Bullitta.

Annexe I

Annexe I

 

Therapeutical properties of plant species referred by animal breeders during the interviews and obtained from recent literature about phytotherapic practices on humans in Sardinian territories

Plant species Therapeutical properties
For domestic animals referred during the present Sardinian investigation For humans from recent ethnobotanic literature about Sardinian territories
Allium cepa L. Carminative Antidermatosic, haemostatic, antiseptic, bechic, antiasthmatic, laxative, emetic, vasodilator, antidiabetic, anthelmintic, emollient, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic (Atzei 2003)
Antidermatosic (Ballero et al. 2001)
Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiotalgic, hepatic, antiseptic, antiasthmatic, anti-herpetic (Palmese et al. 2001)
Anthelmintic, digestive, expectorant, antiodontalgic (Loi et al. 2004)
Allium sativum L. Anthelmintic, antiseptic Antiseptic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antidermatosic, disinfectant, carminative, bechic, anthelmintic, digestive, carminative, hemostatic, hypotensive, hypoglycemic, astringent, anti-haemorroids, febrifuge, diuretic (Atzei 2003)
Bechic, anthelmintic, stomatic, antidermatosic, anti-haemorroids, antirheumatic (Ballero et al. 2001)
Antiodontalgic, Anti-inflammatory, lenitive, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antineuralgic, vermifuge, antipyretic, antihypertensive, depurative (Palmese et al. 2001)
Antiphlogistic, spasmolytic (Loi et al. 2004)
Anagyris foetida l. Anti-inflammatory Emetic, laxative, emmenagogue, abortive, antiasthmatic, analgesic, antidermatosic, parasiticide (Atzei 2003)
Apium nodiflorum (L.) Lag. subsp. nodiflorum Stomatic, appetizing Depurative, antiphlogistic, diuretic, laxative, tonic, hypertensive (Atzei 2003)
Diuretic, laxative, appetizing, antiphlogistic (Loi et al. 2004)
Arundo donax L. Anthelmintic Disinfectant, emostatic, vulnerary, anti-inflammatory, astringent, diuretic, appetizing, emmenagogue, diaphoretic, galattogogue, haemostatic, plaster (Atzei 2003)
Vulnerary, antiotalgic (Ballero et al. 2001)
Haemostatic, vulnerary, antiseptic, emmenagogue, diuretic, diaphoretic, galactagogue (Palmese et al. 2001)
Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi s. l. Vermifuge Nervine, antispasmodic, balsamic, antitussive, anticatarrhal, antielminthic, decongestant, tonic, stomachic, anti-diarrhoeic, digestive, vulnerary, poultice for burns, analgesic, antiodontalgic (Atzei 2003)
Cicer arietinum L. Anti-inflammatory Diuretic, emmenagogue, galactagogue, antiaphonic, refreshing, vulnerary, antidermatosic (Atzei 2003)
Cistus creticus L. subsp. eriocephalus (Viv.) Greuter et Burdet Antiseptic Revulsive, antidermatosic, tonic
Crataegus monogyna Jacq. Anti-inflammatory Cardiotonic, vasodilator, nervine, antispasmodic, febrifuge, diuretic, antirheumatic, anticoagulant, anticholesterolemic, tonic, anti-diarrhoeic, antineuralgic, antiodontalgic, antidermatosic, abortive (Atzei 2003)
Sedative, analgesic (Loi et al. 2004)
Cynoglossum officinale L. Antiseptic  
Daphne gnidium L. Anti-dysenteric Purgative, analgesic, antidermatosic, rubefacient, antirheumatic, antiodontalgic (Atzei 2003)
Antiodontalgic antichilblains (Ballero et al. 2001)
Daucus carota L. s. l. Astringent Digestive, carminative, anti-diarrhoeic, vermifuge, antiaphonic, expectorant, depurative, hypoglycaemic, anti-anaemic, diuretic, emmenagogue, galactagogue (Atzei 2003)
Resolvent, carminative, vulnerary, emmenagogue, diuretic, galactagogue, hypoglycaemic, anti-diarrhoeic (Palmese et al. 2001)
Stimulant, diuretic, astringent (Loi et al. 2004)
Dipsacus fullonum L. Antiseptic Digestive, antidermatosic, ophthalmic (Atzei 2003)
Euphorbia characias L. Revulsive Rubefacient, vesicatory, antichilblains, antiwarts, antidermatosic, purgative, emetic, antiasthmatic (Atzei 2003)
Ficus carica L. Antiseptic, balsamic Antiwarts, antidermatosic, analgesic (Atzei 2003)
Hedera helix L. s. l. Analeptic Emetic, purgative, odontalgic, resolvent, antidermatosic, disinfectant, antitussive, analgesic, cardiotonic, antiodontalgic, ophthalmic, vasoconstrictor, antiecchymotic, nervine, antirheumatic, diuretic, anti-inflammatory (Atzei 2003)
Antidermatosic (Ballero et al. 2001),
Decongestant (Loi et al. 2004)
Hordeum vulgare L. Anti-diarrhoeic, refreshing, stomatic Antidermatosic, ophtalmic, anthelmintic, antiemetic, anti-diarrhoeic, aperient, bechic, balsamic (Atzei 2003)
Stomatic, ophtalmic (Ballero et al. 2001)
Anti-inflammatory, mucolytic, decongestant, emollient, bechic, laxative, depurative (Palmese et al. 2001)
Laxative (Loi et al. 2004)
Lavatera olbia L. Anti-diarrhoeic Decongestant, antirheumatic, hepatic, digestive, antitussive, laxative, antidermatosic, emollient, antiflogistic (Atzei 2003)
Antidermatosic, laxative, antitussive, hepatic, anti-inflammatory (Ballero et. al., 2001)
Linum strictum L. s. l. Anti-spasmodic, depurative  
Malva sylvestris L. Anti-diarrhoeic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, carminative, depurative, emollient, sedative Emollient, anti-inflammatory, bechic, expectorant, decongestant, antiasthmatic, stomatic, digestive, stomachic, analeptic, carminative, hepatic, refreshing, laxative, analgesic, anti-diarrhoeic, antispasmodic, cholagogue, antidote, antidermatosic, depurative, hypotensive, antipyretic, nervine, emmenagogue, disinfectant, vulnerary, lenitive, resolvent, ophtalmic, odontalgic, antipruritic, foot care, antiecchymotic, antirheumatic (Atzei 2003
Anti-inflammatory, bechic, laxative, antidermatosic, stomatic, anti-chilblain, vulnerary, antihaemorrhoidal (Ballero et al. 2001)
Laxative, depurative, diuretic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-oedematous, resolvent, lenitive, antiseptic (Palmese et al. 2001)
Anti-inflammatory, odontalgic, stomatic, aperient, diuretic, laxative, odontalgic, antidermatosic, hypotensive, analeptic, emollient (Loi et al. 2004)
Matricaria chamomilla L. Anti-spasmodic, carminative, bronchial spasmolytic Analgesic, antispasmodic, digestive, nervine, tonic, stomachic, analeptic, anti-diarrhoeic, hepatic, depurative, hypotensive, expectorant, decongestant, antipyretic, emmenagogue, anthelmintic, ophthalmic, odontalgic, stomatic, antidermatosic (Atzei 2003)
Sedative, astringent, antiemetic, ophthalmic (Ballero et al. 2001)
Sedative, antispasmodic, ophthalmic, anti-inflammatory, anti-diarrhoeic, antipyretic, emmenagogue, anti-oedematous (Palmese et al. 2001)
Sedative, anti-inflammatory, ophthalmic, laxative, decongestant, hypnotic (Loi et al. 2004)
Nasturtium officinale R. Br subsp. officinale Stomatic Digestive, appetizing, laxative, hepatic, anthelmintic, diuretic, lithontripic, depurative, hypertensive, antianaemic, anti-inflammatory, anticoagulant, emmenagogue, analgesic, odontalgic, antidermatosic, analeptic, refreshing, febrifuge, expectorant, bechic (Atzei 2003)
Digestive, anticatarrhal, cleansing agent (Loi et al. 2004)
Nicotiana tabacum L. Antiseptic, vermifuge  
Olea europaea L. (= Olea europaea L. var. europaea) Antiseptic, anti-spasmodic, anti-inflammatory, carminative, laxative Febrifuge, antimalarial, hypotensive, hypoglycaemic, stomatic, odontalgic, antihaemorrhoidal, diuretic, laxative, analgesic, hepatic, anthelmintic, emollient, antidermatosic, anti-inflammatory, colagogue, emetic, vulnerary, antirheumatic, parasiticide, spasmolytic, lenitive (Atzei 2003)
Antidermatosic, vulnerary, laxative, hypotensive, antihaemorrhoidal (Ballero et al. 2001)
Anti-oedematous, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, spasmolytic, lenitive, vulnerary, antidermatosic, anti-hypertensive, laxative, hepatic, emollient, hypoglycaemic, antihaemorrhoidal (Palmese et al. 2001)
Hypotensive, febrifuge (Loi et al. 2004)
Olea europaea L. (= Olea europaea L. var. sylvestris) Reconstituent Antypiretic, antimalarial, hypotensive, anti-diarrhoeic, hepatic, astringent, lenitive, antiseptic, colagogue, laxative, stomatic, antidermatosic, anti-chilblains (Atzei 2003)
Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. Anti-diarrhoeic Antacid, astringent, antidermatosic, anti-inflammatory, emollient, antiseptic, odontalgic, antichilblains, antirheumatic, lenitive, nervine, antihaemorrhoidal, vulnerary, antiphlogistic, analgesic, antirheumatic, antichiblains, emetic, expectorant, vulnerary (Atzei 2003)
Antidermatosic, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, expectorant (Ballero et al. 2001)
Lenitive, anti-oedematous, sedative, antiseptic, odontalgic, vulnerary, antidermatosic (Palmese et al. 2001)
Antidermatosic, lenitive (Loi et al. 2004)
Parietaria officinalis L. Anti-diarrhoeic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, expectorant Digestive, emollient, antiphlogistic, refreshing, hepatic, laxative, anti-diarrhoeic, carminative, analgesic, antiseptic, diuretic, antispasmolitic, decongestant, demulcent, expectorant, hypotensive, depurative, anticholeterolemic, hypoglycaemic, antihaemorrhoidal, emollient, anti-inflammatory, sedative, nervine, emmenagogue, diaphoretic, antipyretic, refreshing, antimalarial, vulnerary, resolvent, antidermatosic, stomatic, ophtalmic (Atzei 2003)
Febrifuge, antitussive, antihaemorrhoidal (Ballero et al. 2001)
Spasmolytic, anti-inflammatory, lenitive, antidermatosic, emollient, antihaemorrhoidal, lithontripic, analgesic, diuretic, sedative, hypoglycemic (Palmese et al. 2001)
Anti-inflammatory, odontalgic, stomachic, digestive, hepatic, antispastic, diuretic (Loi et al. 2004)
Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nym. Carminative Diuretic, lithontripic, stomachic, digestive, carminative, laxative, hepatic, analgesic, antiacid, emmenagogue, galactofuge, abortive, depurative, tonic, sedative, antianaemic, febrifuge, hypotensive, expectorant, anthelmintic, spasmolytic, resolvent, antidote, ophtalmic, odontalgic (Atzei 2003)
Hypotensive, antacid (Loi et al. 2004)
Pistacia lentiscus L. Antiseptic, carminative, laxative Stomatic, antidermatosic, astringent, analgesic, odontalgic, vulnerary, antirheumatic, antichilblains, antitumor, antipruritic, haemostatic, expectorant, diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory, anthelmintic, astrringent, tonic, antiseptic, styptic, antiphlogistic (Atzei 2003)
Antidermatosic, antichilblains, hepatic, antirheumatic, antitussive, stomatic (Ballero et al. 2001)
Antiseptic, vulnerary, lenitive, antirheumatic, antiarthritic, vesicatory, expectorant, analgesic, vulnerary, stomachic, spasmolytic, antiseptic, odontalgic, antiviral, astringent (Palmese et al. 2001)
Antacid (Loi et al. 2004)
Plantago major L. s. l. Anti-inflammatory, vulnerary Astringent, antidiarrhoeic, febrifuge, emollient, bechic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, antianaemic, emmenagogue, abortifacient, depurative, analgesic, emostatic, vulnerary, stomatic, antidermatosic, antipruritic, odontalgic, antineuralgic, ophtalmic (Atzei 2003)
Prunus spinosa L. subsp. spinosa Antiseptic, vermifuge Astringent, antidiarrhoeic, antiphlogistic, antidermatosic, antipyretic, antimalaric, expectorant, antitussive, antiasthmatic (Atzei 2003)
Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn Anti-spasmodic, carminative, vermifuge Antirheumatic, analgesic, hypotensive, anthelmintic, purgative, depurative, anti-inflammatory, antiarthrosis (Atzei 2003)
Pyrus spinosa Forssk. Anti-inflammatory Antidermatosic, antidiarrhoeic (Atzei 2003)
Quercus suber L. Anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, vulnerary Astringent, anti-diarrhoeic, antidermatosic, expectorant, hypnotic, anticoagulant, emostatic, vulnerary, anti-oedematous, analgesic, antirheumatic (Atzei 2003)
Sambucus nigra L. Antiseptic Decongestant, antiasthmatic, analgesic, stomatic, antidermatosic, laxative, antirheumatic, diuretic, hydrogogue, emetic, depurative, resolvent, antipyretic, diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory, astringent, lenitive, purgative, antihaemorrhoidal, ophthalmic, emollient, antiphlogistic, anti-oedematous, sedative, nervine, odontalgic, resolvent, anti-rheumatic, antiseptic, galactofuge, antiviral, bechic, expectorant, antitussive, digestive, carminative, stomatic, hepatic, antineuralgic, antispasmodic (Atzei. 2003)
Odontalgic, ophthalmic, analgesic (Ballero et al. 2001)
Anti-rheumatic, analgesic, spasmolytic, ophthalmic, antidermatosic, bechic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, carminative, laxative, antiviral, resolvent, anti-neuralgic, decongestant, antiseptic, astringent, demulcent (Palmese et al. 2001)
Anti-inflammatory, ophthalmic, cardiac (Loi et al. 2004)
Smilax aspera L. Antiseptic Antimalaric, diaphoretic, depurative, antiasthmatic, lenitive, antirheumatic, antidermatosic, hypotensive, diuretic, anti-diarrhoeic, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antitussive, antiseptic, rubefaciens, revulsive, antihaemorroidal, odontalgic, bechic, hepatic, anthelmintic, colagogue, antacid, antispasmodic, astringent, lithontripic, analgesic, antirheumatic, antichilblains, emmenagogue, antiarthritis, rubefacient (Atzei 2003)
Antirheumatic, antidermatosic (Ballero et al. 2001)
Antirheumatic, anti-arthritic, anti-inflammatory, diuretic, lithontripic, anti-asthmatic, depurative, spasmollytic, odontalgic, antidermatosic, hypotensive (Palmese et al. 2001)
Laxative, depurative, cholagogue, diuretic, diaphoretic, anti-inflammatory, stomatic, bechic, antispasmolitic, febrifuge, anti-rheumatic (Loi et al. 2004)
Smyrnium olusatrum L. Eupeptic, tonic Carminative, appetizer, antichilblains (Atzei 2003)
Umbilicus rupestris (Salisb.) Dandy Anti-diarrhoeic, antiseptic, depurative, febrifuge Diuretic, hepatic, emollient, anti-inflammatory, vulnerary, antidermatosic, anti-oedematous, resolvent, analgesic, antihaemorroidal, ophthalmic, emostatic, lenitive, resolvent (Atzei 2003)
Odontalgic, antidermatosic (Ballero et al. 2001)
Antiseptic, antidermatosic, antihaemorroidal (Palmese et al. 2001)
Urtica dioica L. subsp. dioica Anti-inflammatory Purgative, astringent, anti-diarrhoeic, carminative, decongestant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, stomachic, hepatic, colagogue, digestive, diuretic, depurative, antidermatosic, hypoglycaemic, antidiabetic, hypotensive, antianaemic, antihaemorrhoidal, antirheumatic, galactogogue, analeptic, antiphlogistic, stomatic, emostatic, antioedematous, vulnerary, antichilblains, astringent, revulsive, anti-inflammatory, rubefaciens stimulant (Atzei 2003)
Digestive, diuretic, antitussive, anti-inflammatory, febrifuge, antidermatosic, antichilblains, anti-haemorroidal (Ballero et al. 2001)
Anti-haemorroidal, antirheumatic, hepatic, laxative, neuralgic, depurative (Loi et al. 2004)
Vicia faba L. Anti-diarrhoeic Resolvent, lenitive, antidermatosic, antacid, analgesic, anti-diarrhoeic, antipyretic, vulnerary, anti-oedematous (Atzei 2003)
Analgesic, antidermatosic, vulnerary (Ballero et al. 2001)
Analgesic (Palmese et al. 2001)
Vitis vinifera L. s. l. Anti-inflammatory, carminative, purgative, stomatic, stimulanting, anthelmintic Vulnerary, antidermatosic, antihaemorrhoidal, emostatic, antiphlogistic, anti-diarrhoeic, galactofuge, ophthalmic, febrifuge, analgesic, antiasthmatic, odontalgic, anti-inflammatory, febrifuge, antihypotensive, disinfectant, emopoietic, antiodontalgic, antipyretic, antichilblains, kidney, antiherpetic (Atzei 2003)
Antidermatosic, bechic, antiphlogistic, diuretic, insecticide, odontalgic, emmenagogue (Ballero et al. 2001).
Anti-parasitic, febrifuge, anti-inflammatory, antioedematous, analgesic (Palmese et al. 2001)

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Bullitta, S., Piluzza, G. & Viegi, L. Plant resources used for traditional ethnoveterinary phytotherapy in Sardinia (Italy). Genet Resour Crop Evol 54, 1447–1464 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10722-006-9130-4

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Keywords

  • Ethnobotany
  • Ethnoveterinary
  • Phytotherapy
  • Sardinia