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Genetica

, 123:227 | Cite as

Chromosomal diversification of reef fishes from genus Centropyge(Perciformes, Pomacanthidae)

  • Paulo Roberto Antunes de Mello Affonso
  • Pedro Manoel GalettiJr
Article

Abstract

The genus Centropyge is remarkable for species richness, composing a highly specialized fish group amongst members from family Pomacanthidae. However, cytogenetical reports are nearly absent in these animals. New data are provided from karyotypical studies carried out on Centropyge aurantonotus from the Brazilian coast of the Atlantic Ocean and C. ferrugatus from the Philippines Sea of the Indo-Pacific Ocean. Both species present 2n=48 but karyotypes are differentiated by fundamental number. C. aurantonotus has a great number of biarmed chromosomes (4 m + 14 sm+16 st+4 a), while C. ferrugatus presents only acrocentric chromosomes. Single nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) are located at interstitial position of an acrocentric pair in C. ferrugatus and on short arms of a subtelocentric pair in C. aurantonotus, as confirmed by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) with 18S rDNA probes. Heterochromatin is distributed over NOR and centromeric regions in both species, but additional GC-rich heterochromatic blocks on short arms of up to eight chromosomal pairs can be detected in C. aurantonotus. 5S rDNA segments were located interstitially on two chromosomal pairs in C. ferrugatus and on nine pairs in C. aurantonotus, mostly equivalent to heterochromatic blocks on short arms of biarmed chromosomes. C. ferrugatus can be considered a species in which basal chromosomal features proposed for modern Teleosteans were conserved. The derived karyotype pattern of C. aurantonotus seems to be determined by pericentric inversions and heterochromatin addition which probably determined the notorious dispersion of 5S rRNA (pseudo)genes. It is demonstrated that, even within a group generally characterized by cytogenetical homogeneity as the family Pomacanthidae, diversified karyotypes can be found.

Keywords

biogeography dispersal FISH heterochromatin NOR pericentric inversion Pomacanthidae 5S 18S 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paulo Roberto Antunes de Mello Affonso
    • 1
  • Pedro Manoel GalettiJr
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Genética e EvoluçãoUniversidade Federal de São CarlosSão Carlos SPBrazil

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