, Volume 84, Issue 2, pp 483–496 | Cite as

Capabilities of a GIS-based multi-criteria decision analysis approach in modelling migration

  • Mohd Fadzil Abdul RashidEmail author


Internal migration is one of the influential factors of urban growth. This phenomenon needs to be well understood for urban planning decision making, in order to avoid a shortfall or inefficiency in urban development. Consequently, by the multiple factors of migration decision-selectivity in terms of spatial-economic factors, spatial-social factors and personal factors make this phenomenon difficult to estimate. This paper utilises the capability of a GIS-based multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) approach in formulating a spatial migration model so-called migration potential model (MGP model) for modelling the distribution of potential migrants in urban areas. The model incorporates the migration decision-selectivity factors identified from a migration behavioural survey on households in the Klang Valley region into an environment of GIS-based MCDA. For this attempt, the land suitability model-based weighted linear combination so-called spatial AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) technique was selected as a base model for the MGP formulation. The paper concludes the integration of GIS with MCDA would contribute towards an advanced methodology of migration analysis for urban planning purposes.


Internal migration Migration decision-selectivity factors GIS-based MCDA Urban planning Spatial migration modelling 



I would like to thanks to Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) for granting me a sabbatical leave at Center for Population Studies, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. My thanks also go to my colleagues at the centre especially to my supervisor, Professor Dr Rshood M. Khraif, and my fellow’s friends, Dr Asharaf Abdul Salam and Dr Ibrahim Elsegaey for their help and support. This paper is a part of the exercises in the centre and is extracted from my PhD research which was done in 2010.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Author declare that he has no conflict of interest.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Perak BranchUniversiti Teknologi MARASeri IskandarMalaysia

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