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GeoJournal

, Volume 82, Issue 2, pp 231–246 | Cite as

Gated community and residential segregation in urban China

  • Feng Deng
Article

Abstract

Research on gated community in Chinese cities has been growing very fast, but empirical studies are limited, especially those on the relationship between gated community and residential segregation. A retrospective questionnaire survey was conducted in three gated communities in Chongqing, China. The findings from the survey include that, after moving into the gated communities, many homeowners’ contact with other people decreases. It is also found that homeowners’ participation in local public affairs decreases. These results hold even when we compare with the reference group and control for duration of stay. They support the view that gated community aggravates residential segregation. However, the survey shows that many homeowners feel the income differences among the neighbors increase and the changes of several types of external activities don’t show a consistent pattern. All these empirical findings suggest that a complex relationship between gated community and residential segregation exists in urban China and the removal of work unit from the housing system affects people’s experience in gated community.

Keywords

Residential segregation Gated community Homeowners association Governance China 

JEL Classification

D71 J71 R21 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Financial support from Ministry of Education, P. R. China, Humanities and Social Science Research Planning Foundation (11YJAZH018) is gratefully acknowledged.

Compliance with ethical standards

Research in this paper complies with the laws and ethical standards with regarding human participants. No animals were involved in the research. All informed consent from human participants were obtained during interviews and questionnaire survey.

Conflict of interest

This paper has no potential conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chongqing Technology & Business UniversityChongqingChina

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