Crosstown traffic - supervised prediction of impact of planned special events on urban traffic

Abstract

Large-scale planned special events in cities including concerts, football games and fairs can significantly impact urban mobility. The lack of reliable models for understanding and predicting mobility needs during urban events causes issues for mobility service users, providers as well as urban planners. In this article, we tackle the problem of building reliable supervised models for predicting the spatial and temporal impact of planned special events with respect to road traffic. We adopt a supervised machine learning approach to predict event impact from historical data and analyse effectiveness of a variety of features, covering, for instance, features of the events as well as mobility- and infrastructure-related features. Our evaluation results on real-world event data containing events from several venues in the Hannover region in Germany demonstrate that the proposed combinations of event-, mobility- and infrastructure-related features show the best performance and are able to accurately predict spatial and temporal impact on road traffic in the event context in this region. In particular, a comparison with both event-based and event-agnostic baselines shows superior capacity of our models to predict impact of planned special events on urban traffic.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Fore a detailed description see http://scikit-learn.org/stable/modules/generated/sklearn.preprocessing.OneHotEncoder.html

  2. 2.

    https://www.openstreetmap.org

  3. 3.

    http://data4urbanmobility.l3s.uni-hannover.de/

  4. 4.

    The dataset can be found here: http://www.l3s.de/∼tempelmeier/crosstown_events.zip

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Acknowledgements

This work was partially funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) under the project “Data4UrbanMobility”, grant ID 02K15A040.

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Correspondence to Elena Demidova.

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Tempelmeier, N., Dietze, S. & Demidova, E. Crosstown traffic - supervised prediction of impact of planned special events on urban traffic. Geoinformatica 24, 339–370 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10707-019-00366-x

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Keywords

  • Planned special events
  • Urban mobility
  • Event impact
  • Road traffic