Skip to main content

Numerical Simulation of the Combined Slope Protection Effect of Living Stump and Bamboo Anchor


Five slope states were selected to research deep protection effect of the living tree stump-bamboo anchor supporting structure. These five states were the natural slope state, the bamboo anchor slope protection state, and the living tree stump-bamboo anchor initial supporting state, living tree stumps-bamboo bolt mid-term support status, living tree stump slope protection status. Three-dimensional numerical models are established by Midas GTS/NX finite element software, and the force characteristics and stability of the living tree stump-bamboo anchor support structure were studied. The results show that: (1) Compared with natural slopes, the relative stability and safety factors of bamboo anchor slope protection, live tree stumps-bamboo anchor initial slope protection, live tree stumps-bamboo anchor mid-term slope protection, and live tree stump slope protection have increased by 18.6%, 19.7%, and 44.0%, 44.1%, it can be found that the living tree stump-bamboo bolt supporting structure has obvious deep protection effect. (2) In the initial supporting state of live tree stumps and bamboo anchors, the bamboo anchors have the largest stress value at the position where the bamboo anchors are buried at a depth of 5 m on the slope; The bamboo anchors in the fourth row and the fifth row are below the buried depth of 6 m on the slope, and the stress value of the bamboo anchors increases linearly. (3) The closer to the toe of the slope, the greater the tensile stress generated by the root system on the left side of the living tree stump, and the greater the compressive stress generated by the root system on the right side of the living tree stump. The research results can be used as an important basis for the new living tree stump-bamboo bolt support structure to effectively prevent and control deep-seated slope protection, and it is of great significance to expand the green technology for preventing and controlling deep-seated landslides.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13

Data availability

The models and related experimental parameters involved in this article are provided by the relevant authors.


  1. Deng YS, Xu WT, Liu HF, Yao ZG (2016) The influence of rainfall on soil slope and vegetation system and anti-slide piles. Highw Eng 41(02):6–9

    Google Scholar 

  2. Ding W, Sun SL, Chen YY, Chu H, Zhang L (2017) Analysis of the influence of woody plant roots on slope stability. J Hebei Univ Eng (nat Sci Ed) 34(03):27–31

    Google Scholar 

  3. Donn S, Wheatley RE, McKenzie BM et al (2014) Improved soil fertility from compost amendment increases root growth and reinforcement of surface soil on slopes. Ecol Eng 71:458–465.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Geng XZ, Luo FJ, Li P, Yan YT, Chen Z, Shao YS, Zeng J (2015) Application of composite supporting technology of soil-nailed wall and anchored slope protection piles. Constr Technol 44(S1):21–24

    Google Scholar 

  5. Han LL, Song GL (2015) The mechanical properties of slope protection woody plant roots and their relationship with cell wall components. J Beijing for Univ 37(11):120–127

    Google Scholar 

  6. Hao ZF (2014) Study on the soil-fixing ability of herbaceous plant roots on the cut side slope of expressway. Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya’an

    Google Scholar 

  7. Huang SP, Yan EC (2018) The influence of different parts of woody plants on the stability of soil slope. Saf Environ Eng 25(03):21–26

    Google Scholar 

  8. Hunolt AE, Brantley EF, Howe JA, Wright AN, Wood CW (2013) Comparison of native woody species for use as live stakes in streambank stabilization in the southeastern United States. J Soil Water Conserv 68(5):384–391.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Katrin B, Frank G, Albert B (2009) Revegetation measures improve soil aggregate stability: a case study of a landslide area in Central Switzerland. Snow Landsc Res 82(1):45–60

    Google Scholar 

  10. Li YB, Su XG, Zhang ZQ (2000) Experimental research on new anchored bamboo bolts. Well Constr Technol 01:30–32

    Google Scholar 

  11. Li GR, Hu XS, Mao XQ et al (2010) Numerical simulation of slope protection effect of shrub plant roots in the loess area of the northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Chin J Rock Mech Eng 29(09):1877–1884

    Google Scholar 

  12. Li XE, Xie CY, Li Y et al (2018) Finite element numerical analysis of plant root system slope protection. J Southwest China Normal Univ (nat Sci Ed) 43(02):76–82

    Google Scholar 

  13. Lon D, Rick L (1998) Deep-planting willow cuttings via water jetting. In: Wetlands engineering and river restoration conference, Denver, US, pp 1046–1051

  14. Peng C, Xu ZP (2010) The application of ecological bag retaining wall and slope protection technology in the canal channel regulation project. Water Resour Plan Des 05:100–102

    Google Scholar 

  15. Peng AQ, Wu JH, Jin S (2012) Research on the technology of shallow landslide control plant slope protection. Roadbed Eng 02:124–127

    Google Scholar 

  16. Sun ML, Wang XD, Li ZX, Zhang JK (2011) Research on the bonding force of Nanzhu anchor rods to strengthen soil sites. Dunhuang Stud 06:81–84

    Google Scholar 

  17. Tien H et al (2014) Use of live poles for stabilization of a shallow slope failure. Geotech Geoenviron Eng.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Wang HX (2018) Numerical analysis of the influence of plant root system on the stability of roadbed slope. Northeast Forestry University, Harbin

    Google Scholar 

  19. Wang B, Wang W, Xie WJ (2020) Application of ecological blocks in highway slope protection construction. Highway 65(06):249–251

    Google Scholar 

  20. Wu P, Xie PC, Song WL et al (2014) Root system mechanics based on root morphology and mechanism of soil stabilization and slope protection. J Northeast for Univ 42(05):139–142

    Google Scholar 

  21. Xiao SX, Zhou H, Ling TQ (2006) Reinforcement mechanism and ability analysis of plant roots in slope protection engineering. Chin J Rock Mech Eng S1:2670–2674

    Google Scholar 

  22. Xu ZH, Xiao FG, Chen JJ, Wang JH, Feng JC (2004) Numerical analysis of the influence of living tree stumps on slope stability. Rock Soil Mech S2:275–279

    Google Scholar 

  23. Xu ZM, Huang RQ, Tang ZG, Wang SD (2005) Limitations of vegetation slope protection and its contribution to deep landslides. Chin J Rock Mech Eng 03:438–450

    Google Scholar 

  24. Yang B, Shi ZD (2014) The application of lattice anchoring structure in slope engineering. Sci Technol Inf 12(36):26–28

    Google Scholar 

  25. Yang ZW, Li T, Zhu YJ (2013) Study on the reinforced retaining wall structure of ecological bag slope protection. Shanxi Archit 39(19):126–128

    Google Scholar 

  26. Zhu HL, Hu XS, Mao XQ et al (2008) Study on mechanical properties of shrub plant roots for slope protection in loess areas of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Chin J Rock Mech Eng S2:3445–3452

    Google Scholar 

Download references


This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 31971727) and the Hunan Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 2018JJ3882, 2020JJ4944) and the project of Hunan Education department (Grant No. 18A162) and the Science and Technology Project of Hunan Provincial Emergency Management Department.

Author information




HY contributed to the conception of the study; YL, XJ performed the experiment; RD, LH contributed significantly to analysis and manuscript preparation; PY performed the data analyses and wrote the manuscript; GL helped perform the analysis with constructive discussions.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Hui Yang.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The authors declared that they have no conflicts of interest to this work.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Zhu, Y., Yang, H., Liu, Y. et al. Numerical Simulation of the Combined Slope Protection Effect of Living Stump and Bamboo Anchor. Geotech Geol Eng (2021).

Download citation


  • Live stump
  • Bamboo anchor
  • Deep landslide
  • Force characteristics
  • Slope stability