Study on the Effect of Bolt Anchorage in Deep Roadway Roof Based on Anchorage Potential Design Method

  • Hongchao LiEmail author
  • Wei Zhao
  • Kai Zhou
  • Yanan Liu
  • Xinglong An
  • Ge Gao
Original Paper


Based on the analysis of bending damage of roadway roof, a design method of roof bolting support by using anchorage potential design method is put forward. The method is then applied to numerical simulation of roadway anchorage parameters and support effect. The effect of numerical simulation on supporting schemes was verified through laboratory tests, and the optimal support scheme for roadway was determined. Field test results show that roadway deformation from roof to floor in the optimal support scheme is 210 mm, which is within the control range. The anchorage forces of bolts and cables are within reasonable load coordination and prestress coordination area and roadway stability is good. The amount of bolting material for roadway roof is reduced by 20% compared with the traditional design.


Potential of roof anchorage Numerical simulation Parameters of bolt anchoring On-site monitoring 



  1. Dal Cin A (2014) On expected performance of a frame-structure made by all GFRP pultruded profiles. Adv Mater Res 3149(919):188–192CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Holomek J, Bajer M, Barnat J, Vild M (2014) Shear tests of composite slabs, experimental and numerical investigation. Adv Mater Res 3146(923):217–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Huang JJ, Qin YG, Zhao S, Wang W, Wen L (2017) Strength response characteristics and coupling support of deep roadway in soft rock masses. Cogent Eng 4(1):133137Google Scholar
  4. Jiang PF (2014) Simulation analysis of the soft rock inclined shaft surrounding rock control with different bolt support patterns. Adv Mater Res 3330(988):377–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Keppert M, Čáchová M, Ďurana K, Fořt J, Koňáková D, Pavlík Z, Trník A, Černý R (2014) Relationship between pore size distribution and mechanical properties of porous sedimentary rocks. Adv Mater Res 3078(905):207–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Li SC, Wang Q, Wang HT, Jiang B, Wang DC, Zhang B, Li Y, Ruan GQ (2015) Model test study on surrounding rock deformation and failure mechanisms of deep roadways with thick top coal. Tunn Undergr Space Technol Inc Trenchless Technol Res 47:52–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Liu CK, Ren JX, Zhang K, Chen SJ (2017) Numerical studies on surrounding rock deformation controlled by pressure relief groove in deep roadway. IOP Conf Ser: Earth Environ Sci 64(1):012029Google Scholar
  8. Lukács J, Gaspar M (2014) Fatigue crack propagation limit curves for high strength steels and their application for engineering critical assessment calculations. Adv Mater Res 2979(891):563–568CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Meng QB, Han LJ, Xiao Y, Li H, Wen SY, Zhang J (2016) Numerical simulation study of the failure evolution process and failure mode of surrounding rock in deep soft rock roadways. Int J Min Sci Technol 26(2):209–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Mohd Yusop SH, Patar MNAA, Abdul Majeed APP, Majeed J (2014) A parametric investigation on the Neo–Hookean material constant. Adv Mater Res 3140(915):853–857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Tan YL, Wang CQ, Gu ST (2003) Mechansim of stability potential of bolted tunnel roof. Chin J Rock Mechan Eng S1:2210–2213Google Scholar
  12. Tan K, Zhao B, Zhang CH, Du RL, Wang Q, Huang Y, Zhang R, Qiao XJ (2016) Rupture models of the Nepal M-w 7.9 earthquake and M(w)7.3 aftrershock constrained by GPS and InSAR coseismic deformations. Chin J Geophys-Chin Edn 59(6):2080–2093Google Scholar
  13. Wang NB, Zhang N, Cui F, Cao JT, Lai XP (2013) Characteristics of stope migration and roadway surrounding rock fracture for fully-mechanized top-coal caving face in steeply dipping and extra-thick coal seam. J China Coal Soc 38(8):1312–1318Google Scholar
  14. Xie LT, Yan P, Lu WB, Chen M, Wang GH (2018) Comparison of seismic effects during deep tunnel excavation with different methods. Earthq Eng Eng Vib 17(3):659–675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Xue HJ, Xue JL, Yin ML, Kong J, Gao ZM (2014) Research of fractured surrounding rock physical and mechanical characteristics in shuguang mine no.2 mining area. Appl Mech Mater 3307(580):1364–1368CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Yang M, Hua XZ, Chen DH (2014) Surrounding rock deformation properties and control technique for roadway along goaf in soft rock. Adv Mater Res 3384(1010):1482–1486CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Zhang YD, Cheng L, Yang JF, Ji M, Li YH (2003) Bearing characteristic of composite rock-bolt bearing structure under different bolt support density. Chin J Min Saf Eng S1:2210–2213Google Scholar
  18. Zhang W, He ZM, Zhang DS, Qi DH, Zhang WS (2018) Surrounding rock deformation control of asymmetrical roadway in deep three-soft coal seam: a case study. J Geophys Eng 15(5):1917–1928CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hongchao Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Wei Zhao
    • 1
  • Kai Zhou
    • 1
  • Yanan Liu
    • 2
  • Xinglong An
    • 3
  • Ge Gao
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Mining and Safety EngineeringShandong University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  2. 2.College of Economics and ManagementShandong University of Science and TechnologyQingdaoChina
  3. 3.Shandong Dingan Testing Technology Co., LtdJinanChina

Personalised recommendations