Prediction of Engineering Properties of Basalt Rock in Jordan Using Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity Test

  • Hussein Aldeeky
  • Omar Al Hattamleh
Original Paper


Basalt is an extrusive igneous rock derived from Lava and spread over different localities in Jordan. It can be used in industrial applications, and as construction materials. Before using basalt, it is essential to determine its dry density, porosity, uniaxial compressive strength, and Brazilian tensile strength. The testing procedure and sample preparation used to determine the engineering properties are time-consuming and need expertise. Hence, the ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) test, a quick and non-destructive evaluation method, was used to determine the engineering properties. Empirical relationships for determination of dry density, porosity, uniaxial compressive strength, Brazilian tensile strength, and tangent modulus of elasticity were deduced. Good correlation coefficients (R2 = 0.832–0.929) were obtained between UPV and dry density, porosity, uniaxial compressive strength, Brazilian tensile strength and modulus of elasticity. These correlations were limited to intact basalt with UPV ≥ 4000 m/s.


Dry density Porosity Uniaxial compressive strength Brazilian tensile strength Ultrasonic pulse velocity Nondestructive methods 



The authors thank Mr. Saleem Hatamleh and Mr. Mohammad Shafique of Civil Engineering Laboratories at Hashemite University for their help in carrying out the experimental tests.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Civil Engineering Department, College of EngineeringThe Hashemite UniversityZarqaJordan

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