Advertisement

Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 111, Issue 2–3, pp 175–188 | Cite as

Crop response to manure and fertilizer in Burkina Faso and Niger

  • M. Garba
  • I. Serme
  • N. Maman
  • O. Korodjouma
  • A. Gonda
  • C. Wortmann
  • S. Mason
Original Article

Abstract

Farmyard manure (FYM) is valuable for soil management, especially for soils with < 10 g kg−1 organic C in semi-arid West Africa. This study determined short-term FYM effects on yield and on response to N, P and K fertilizer for 20 trials in Niger and 28 trials in Burkina Faso involving six crops. The comparisons were of 0 and 2.5 Mg ha−1 yr−1 FYM applied in Niger, and of 0 and 5 Mg ha−1 FYM applied once in 2 years in Burkina Faso. Fertilizer and FYM application alone had little effect on yield in Niger but there was a synergistic effect of fertilizer P with FYM which included increased mean responses to P of, respectively: 0.22 and 0.43 Mg ha−1 for sorghum grain and fodder (Sorghum bicolor L.); 0.15 and 0.27 Mg ha−1 for cowpea grain and fodder; 0.16 Mg ha−1 grain for pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum L.) when intercropped with cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L.); and 0.39 Mg ha−1 for groundnut fodder (Arachis hypogea L.). Application of FYM increased pearl millet response to N but decreased legume response to K fertilizer. In Burkina Faso, there was a mean grain yield increase of 0.29 Mg ha−1 yr−1 due to FYM and the effect of applying both FYM and fertilizer was additive except for a synergy of N fertilizer plus manure application for maize (Zea mays L.). Therefore, farmers should apply FYM and fertilizer together in Niger but these can be applied alone or together in Burkina Faso with mostly similar effects.

Keywords

Organic and mineral amendments Soil fertility management Synergistic and additive effects Crop productivity Semi-arid West Africa 

Abbreviation

FYM

Farmyard manure, primarily collected from night-time confinement of ruminants

Notes

Acknowledgements

OFRA is a partnership of 13 African countries, funded by the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), managed by CAB International and implemented with technical and scientific advisory support from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln to enable great farmer profitability from fertilizer use. We acknowledge the contributions of research support technicians in conducting field trials and of farmers who cooperated in on-farm trials.

References

  1. Adamou A, Bationo A, Tabo R, Koala S (2007) Improving soil fertility through the use of organic and inorganic plant nutrient and crop rotation in Niger. In: Bationo A et al (eds) Advances in integrated soil fertility management in sub-Saharan Africa: challenges and opportunities. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 589–598CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bado BV, Bationo A, Lompo F, Cescas MP, Sedogo MP (2007) Mineral fertilizers, amendment and crop rotation managements for soil fertility maintenance in the Guinean zone of Burkina Faso (West Africa). In: Bationo A et al (eds) Advances in integrated soil fertility management in sub Saharan Africa: challenges and opportunities. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 171–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bationo A, Buerkert A (2001) Soil organic carbon management for sustainable land use in Sudano-Sahelian West Africa. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 61:131–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bationo A, Mokwunye AU (1991) Alleviating soil fertility constraints to increased crop production in West Africa: The experience in the Sahel. In: Mokwunye AU (ed) Alleviating soil fertility constraints to increased crop production in West Africa. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 195–215CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bationo A, Ntare BR (2000) Rotation and nitrogen fertilizer effects on pearl millet, cowpea and groundnut yield and soil chemical properties in a sandy soil in the semi-arid tropics, West Africa. J Agric Sci 134:277–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bationo A, Lompo F, Koala S (1998) Research on nutrient flows and balances in west Africa: state-of-the-art. Agric Ecosyst Environ 71:19–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bationo A, Waswa B, Adamou A, Bado BV, Bonzi M, Iwafor E, Kibunja C, Kihara J, Mucheru M, Mugendi D, Mugwe J, Mwale C, Okeyo J, Olle A, Roing K, Sedogo M (2011) Overview of long-term experiments in Africa. In: Bationo A et al (eds) Lessons learned from long-term soil fertility management experiments in Africa. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 1–31.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2938-4-1 Google Scholar
  8. Buerkert A, Hiernaux P (1998) Nutrients in the West African Sudano-Sahelian zone: losses, transfers and the role of external inputs. Z Pflanzen-ernahe Bodenk 161:365–383CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chianu JN, Chianu JL, Mairura HK (2012) Mineral fertilizers in the farming systems of sub-Saharan Africa: a review. Agron Sustain Dev 32:545–566CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Chivenge P, Vanlauwe B, Six J (2011) Does the combined application of organic and mineral nutrient sources influence maize productivity? A meta-analysis. Plant Soil 342:1–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Christianson CB, Vlek PLG (1991) Alleviating soil fertility constraints to food production in West Africa: efficiency of nitrogen fertilizers applied to food crops. Fertil Res 29:21–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dunjana N, Nyamugafata P, Shumba A, Nyamangara J, Zingore S (2012) Effects of cattle manure on selected soil physical properties of smallholder farms on two soils of Meruwa, Zimbabwe. Soil Use Manag 28:221–228CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations) (2006) Guidelines for soil description, 4th edn. RomeGoogle Scholar
  14. FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations) (2017) CropStat http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#home. Accessed May 2017
  15. Fatondji D, Martius C, Bielders CL, Vlek PLG, Bationo A, Gerard B (2006) Effect of planting technique and amendment type on pearl millet yield, nutrient uptake, and water use on degraded land in Niger. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 76:203–217.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10705-005-6209-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Fofana M, Wopereis CS, Bationo A, Breman H, Mando A (2008) Millet nutrient use efficiency as affected by natural soil fertility, mineral fertilizer use and rainfall in the West Africa. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 81:25–36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Garba M, Logah V, Wildemeersch J, Mahaman S, Yadji G, Quansah C, Bonsu M, Cornelis W, Abaidoo RC (2016) Improvement in physical quality of a Sahelian Arenosol and implications on millet yield. Arch Agron Soil Sci 62:947–962CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Harris F (2002) Management of manure in farming systems in semi-arid West Africa. Exp Agric 38:131–148.  https://doi.org/10.1017/s00144797020002 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hayashi K, Matsumoto N, Ikazaki K, Shinjo H, Tobita S (2009) Evaluation of nitrogen flow within the framework of farmland and village in the Sahel Zone of West Africa. Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS) Research Highlights Technical Report No. 13. https://www.jircas.go.jp/en/publication/research_highlights/2009. Accessed Oct 2017
  20. Jones A, Breuning-Madsen H, Brossard M, Dampha A, Deckers J, Dewitte O, Gallali T, Hallett S, Jones R, Kilasara M, Le Roux P, Micheli E, Montanarella L, Spaargaren O, Thiombiano L, Van Ranst E, Yemefack M, Zougmore R (eds) (2013) Soil Atlas of Africa. European Commission, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg.  https://doi.org/10.2788/52319 Google Scholar
  21. Kaizzi CK, Mohammed MB, Maman N (2017) Fertilizer use optimization: principles and approaches. In: Wortmann CS, Sones K (eds) Fertilizer use optimization in sub-Saharan Africa. CAB International, Nairobi, pp 9–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Kihara J, Nziguheba G, Zingore S, Coulibaly A, Esilaba A, Kabambe V, Njoroge S, Palm C, Huising J (2016) Understanding variability in crop response to fertilizer and amendments in sub-Saharan Africa. Agric Ecosyst Environ 229:1–12.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2016.05.012 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  23. Mahaman I, Hamidou Z (2000) Effets combinés des engrais organiques et minéraux sur la productivité des sols de la zone sahélo soudanienne du Niger. Rapport d’activités 2000 Programme Collaboratif INRAN/AIEAGoogle Scholar
  24. Maman N, Mason S (2013) Poultry manure and inorganic fertilizer to improve pearl millet yield in Niger. Afr J Plant Sci 7:162–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Maman N, Dicko M, Abdou G, Wortmann C (2017a) Sorghum and groundnut sole and intercrop nutrient response in semi-arid West Africa. Agron J 109:2907–2917.  https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2017.02.0120 Google Scholar
  26. Maman N, Dicko MK, Abdou G, Kouyaté Z, Wortmann C (2017b) Pearl millet and cowpea intercrop response to applied nutrients in West Africa. Agron J 109:2333–2342.  https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2017.03.0139 Google Scholar
  27. Maman N, Traoré L, Garba M, Dicko MK, Gonda A, Wortmann CS (2018) Maize sole crop and intercrop response to fertilizer in Mali and Niger. Agron J 110:728–736.  https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2017.06.0329 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mason SC, Korodjouma O, Taonda SJB, Palé S, Sohoro A, Kaboré D (2015a) Soil and cropping system research in semiarid West Africa as related to the potential for conservation agriculture. Int J Agric Sustain 13:120–134.  https://doi.org/10.1080/14735903.2014.945319 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Mason SC, Maman N, Palé S (2015b) Pearl millet production practices in semi-arid West Africa: a review. Exp Agric 51:501–521.  https://doi.org/10.1017/s0014479714000441 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Minasny B, McBratney AB (2017) Limited effect of organic matter on soil available water capacity. Eur J Soil Sci 69:39–47.  https://doi.org/10.1111/ejss.12475 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Nalivata P, Kibunja K, Mutegi J, Tetteh FM, Tarfa B, Dicko M, Ouattara K, Cyamweshi RA, Maman N, Bayu W, Wortmann CS (2017) Integrated soil fertility management in sub-Saharan Africa. In: Wortmann CS, Sones K (eds) Fertilizer use optimization in sub-Saharan Africa. CAB International, Nairobi, pp 25–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Okalebo JR, Palm CA, Lekasi JK, Nandwa SM, Oteino CO, Waigwa M, Ndungu KW (2003) Use of organic and inorganic resources to increase maize yields in some Kenyan infertile soils: a five-year experience. In: Bationo A (ed) Managing nutrient cycles to sustain soil fertility in sub Saharan Africa. Academic Science Publishers, Nairobi, pp 358–372Google Scholar
  33. Palm CA (1997) Combining use of organic and inorganic nutrient sources for soil fertility maintenance and replenishment. In: Buresh RJ, Sanchez PA, Calhoun FG (eds) Replenishing soil fertility in Africa. SSSA, ASA Special Publication No. 51, Madison, pp 193–217Google Scholar
  34. Palm CA, Ganchengo CN, Delve NJ, Cadisch G, Giller KE (2001) Organic inputs for soil fertility management in tropical agroecosystems: application of an organic resource database. Agric Ecosyst Environ 83:27–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Sanchez PA, Shepherd KD, Soule MJ, Place FM, Buresh RJ, Izac AMN, Mokwunye AU, Kwesiga FR, Ndiritu CG, Woomer PL (1997) Soil fertility replenishment in Africa: an investment in natural resource capital. In: Buresh RJ, Sanchez PA, Calhoun F (eds) Replenishing soil fertility in Africa. SSSA, ASA special publication No. 51, Madison, pp 1–46Google Scholar
  36. Schlecht E, Buerkert A (2004) Organic inputs and farmers’ fertility management strategies in millet fields in western Niger. Geoderma 121:3271–3289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Schlecht E, Buerkert A, Tielkes E, Bationo A (2006) A critical analysis of challenges and opportunities for soil fertility restoration in Sudano-Sahelian West Africa. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 76:109–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Serme I, Ouattara K, Traore IO, Ouedraogo S, Youl S, Ouattara B, Lompo F, Sedogo PM, Wortmann C, Bationo A (2017) Maize response to fertilizer on Ferralsol and Luvisol in the South Sudan zone of Burkina Faso. In: Bationo A, Ngaradoum D, Youl S, Lompo F, Fening JO (eds) Improving the profitability, sustainability and efficiency of nutrient use through site-specific fertilizers recommendation in West Africa Agro Ecosystems, vol 2. Springer, Berlin, pp 272–294Google Scholar
  39. Suzuki K, Matsunaga R, Hayashi K, Matsumoto N, Tabo R, Tobita S, Okada K (2014) Effects of traditional soil management practices on nutrient status in Sahelian sandy soils of Niger, West Africa. Geoderma 223–225:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Suzuki K, Matsunaga R, Hayashi K, Matsumoto N, Tobita S, Bationo A, Okada K (2016) Long term effects of fertilizer and organic matter application on pearl millet in Niger. Agron J 108:873–883.  https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2015.0375 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Tarfa BD, Maman N, Ouattara K, Serme I, Adeogun TA, Arunah UL, Wortmann CS (2017) Groundnut and soybean response to nutrient application in West Africa. Agron J 109:2323–2332.  https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2017.03.0132 Google Scholar
  42. Vanlauwe B, Tittonel P, Mukulama J (2006) Within farm soil fertility gradients affect response of maize to fertilizer application in Western Kenya. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 76:171–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Vanlauwe B, Descheemaeker K, Giller KE, Huising J, Merckx R, Nziguheba G, Wendt J, Zingore S (2015) Integrated soil fertility management in sub-Saharan Africa: unravelling local adaptation. Soil 1:491–508.  https://doi.org/10.5194/soil-1-491-2015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Wildemeersch J, Timmerman E, Mazijn B, Sabiou M, Ibro G, Garba M, Cornelis W (2015) Assessing the constraints to adopt water and soil conservation techniques in Tillabéri, Niger. Land Degrad Dev 26:491–501.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2252 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Williams OT (1999) Factors influencing manure application by farmers in semi-arid West Africa. Nutr Cycl Agroecosyst 55:15–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Zingore S, Murwira H, Delve R, Giller KE (2007) Soil type, management history and current resource allocation: three dimensions regulating variability in crop productivity on African smallholder farms. Field Crops Res 101:296–305CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique du Niger (INRAN)NiameyNiger
  2. 2.Institut de l’Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles (INERA)OuagadougouBurkina Faso
  3. 3.Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique du Niger (INRAN)MaradiNiger
  4. 4.Department of Agronomy and HorticultureUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnUSA

Personalised recommendations