Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 108, Issue 2, pp 135–148 | Cite as

Soil organic carbon contents as a result of various organic amendments to a vertisol

Original Article


The present study estimates the contributions of various organic amendments to soil organic carbon (SOC). The present work discusses data from a 32-year fertilization experiment using vertisol soil. Five treatments with four field replications were included: no fertilizer (CK), mineral fertilizers only (NPK), wheat straw plus NPK (SNPK), swine manure plus NPK (PMNPK), and cattle manure plus NPK (CMNPK). The 13C signature of SOC was measured by δ 13C natural isotope technology, and the carbon functional compositions of organic amendments were determined by solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectra. The average proportions of native and crop residues derived organic carbon under the SNPK, PMNPK and CMNPK treatments were 43, 40, 29, and 51, 51, 39%, respectively. The average proportions of organic carbon-derived from wheat straw (SNPK), swine and cattle manure (PMNPK and CMNPK) were 6, 9, and 32%, respectively. The quantitative relationship between carbon retention efficiency and fertilization year could be described by a significantly negative linear function (p < 0.05). The average organic carbon retention efficiencies for wheat straw, swine, and cattle manure differed substantially at 6, 10, and 31%, respectively. Their corresponding aromatic carbon contents were 6, 7, and 12%, respectively. Furthermore, incorporation of organic amendments, especially for cattle manure, led to a decrease in the yield variability and an increase in the sustainable yield index of crops compared with the CK and NPK treatments. In conclusion, the long-term continuous application of cattle manure is a preferred method for enhancing SOC storage and increasing crop production for vertisols.


Organic carbon retention efficiency Manure Long-term fertilization δ13C natural isotope Solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance 



Funding for this research was provided Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 41401331), Natural Science Foundation of Anhui Province (Grant No. 1608085QD78), the Foundation of Anhui Academic of Agricultural Science (Grant No. 16A1028), and Subsidy Project of Key laboratory of Nutrient Recycling, Resources and Environment Performance Evaluation of Anhui Province (1606c08231).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no competing interests to declare.

Ethics statement

The administration of the Anhui Province Department of Agricultural provided permission for this research at the study site. We confirm that the field studies did not involve endangered or protected species.

Supplementary material

10705_2017_9845_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (14 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 13 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Anhui Provincial Key Laboratory of Nutrient Recycling, Resources and Environment, Soil and Fertilizer Research InstituteAnhui Academy of Agricultural SciencesHefeiChina

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