Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 102, Issue 3, pp 347–358 | Cite as

Respecification of structural equation models for the P cycle in tropical soils

  • M. V. S. Sales
  • A. C. Gama-RodriguesEmail author
  • N. B. Comerford
  • W. P. Cropper
  • E. F. Gama-Rodrigues
  • P. H. G. Oliveira
Original Article


Respecification of structural models allows evaluating new hypothesis and enhances understanding of how changes in one pool can affect the other pools in the model. The aim of this study was to evaluate the theoretical concept of P pools (unmeasurable variables—latent) using data from Hedley’s sequential extraction method for a better understanding of the P cycle in tropical soils. The theoretical concept being tested is the degree to which available P is controlled by different soil P pools as measured by extraction techniques. The respecified models were adequate and able to represent a generalization of P cycling in soils. The best structural model including latent variables with multiple indicators was consistent with the theoretical concept that the indicators of soil P pools are P fractions determined by the sequential extraction method. In this model, not only is there a direct relationship between the organic, occluded and primary mineral pools and the available P pool, but the indirect relationships via the organic pool were theoretically and statistically adequate. Thus, the model showed the interrelationships of geochemical and biological processes on the available P and it corroborated the hypothesis of the dependence of the available P pool to the organic pool in unfertilized tropical soils.


Organic P pool Occluded P pool Primary mineral P pool Structural equation modeling 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. V. S. Sales
    • 1
  • A. C. Gama-Rodrigues
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. B. Comerford
    • 2
  • W. P. Cropper
    • 3
  • E. F. Gama-Rodrigues
    • 1
  • P. H. G. Oliveira
    • 1
  1. 1.Soil LaboratoryNorth Fluminense State University Darcy Ribeiro, UENF/CCTA/LSOLCampos dos GoytacazesBrazil
  2. 2.North Florida Research and Education CenterUniversity of FloridaQuincyUSA
  3. 3.School of Forest Resources and ConservationUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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