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Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

, Volume 93, Issue 3, pp 285–295 | Cite as

Reducing interflow nitrogen loss from hillslope cropland in a purple soil hilly region in southwestern China

  • Wang Tao
  • Zhu BoEmail author
  • Kuang Fuhong
Original Article

Abstract

Interflow related nitrogen (N) loss from hillslope cropland is a global issue of concern. Field experiments were carried out in purple soil to study how to reduce interflow related N loss by substituting organic fertilizers for mineral fertilizers. Study conditions were engineered where identical amounts of N were applied to four different fertilization regimes: N fertilizer only, mineral fertilizers (MF), mineral fertilizers with livestock manure (MFL), and mineral fertilizers with crop straw (MFS). Results showed that total MFL and MFS interflow N loss decreased by 44.1 and 36.9 %, respectively, compared to the MF fertilization regime, using identical amounts of N. Furthermore, crop yields for the MFL and MFS fertilization regimes were higher compared to the MF fertilization regime. These findings can result in an important new means in controlling interflow N loss from hillslope cropland by substituting organic fertilizers for a port of mineral fertilizers, using identical amounts of organic fertilizer.

Keywords

Organic fertilizer Purple soil Nitrogen Hillslope cropland Interflow 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Funding for this study was provided by the CAS Action-plan for West Development (no. KZCX2-XB3-09) and the Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 40901255). We thank Brian Doonan professor (Québec, Canada) for his help in writing this paper. The authors would also like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their helpful remarks.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Mountain Environment Evolvement and Regulation, Institute of Mountain Hazards and EnvironmentChinese Academy of SciencesChengduChina

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