International Journal of Fracture

, Volume 206, Issue 2, pp 131–149 | Cite as

Influence of pre-compression on the ductility of AA6xxx aluminium alloys

  • B. H. FrodalEmail author
  • K. O. Pedersen
  • T. Børvik
  • O. S. Hopperstad
Original Paper


Reversed loading experiments were conducted to study the influence of pre-compression on the ductility of three aluminium alloys. Diabolo-shaped specimens were machined from extruded profiles along the transverse direction, and heat treated to peak strength (T6 temper). The specimens were subjected to five different levels of pre-compression (0, 10, 20, 30, 40%), i.e., the specimens were first compressed to a prescribed strain and then pulled to fracture in tension. Using a laser-based measuring system, the minimum diameter in the extrusion direction and thickness direction were continuously measured during the tests until fracture. The three aluminium alloys AA6060, AA6082.25 and AA6082.50 had different grain structure and texture. The AA6060 and AA6082.50 alloys had recrystallized grain structure with equi-axed grains and large elongated grains, respectively. The AA6082.25 alloy had a non-recrystallized, fibrous grain structure. It was found that pre-compression has a marked influence on the ductility of the aluminium alloys, which depends on the microstructure and strength of the alloy. Using the compressed configuration as the reference configuration, the relative failure strain could be calculated. For the AA6060 alloy, the relative failure strain increased for increasing pre-compression, and was approximately doubled for 40% pre-compression compared to pure tension. For the AA6082.25 alloy, a slight increase in the relative failure strain was observed for increasing pre-compression, while for the AA6082.50 alloy the relative failure strain was low and approximately constant for different levels of pre-compression.


Aluminium alloys Ductile fracture Reversed loading Pre-compression Microstructure 



The financial support of this work from the Centre for Advanced Structural Analysis (CASA), Centre for Research-based Innovation (CRI) at the Norwegian University of science and Technology (NTNU), is gratefully acknowledged. M.Sc. Emil Christiansen at CASA is gratefully acknowledged for providing the data of the precipitate free zones for the three alloys.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Structural Impact Laboratory (SIMLab) and Centre for Advanced Structural Analysis (CASA), Department of Structural EngineeringNorwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU)TrondheimNorway
  2. 2.SINTEF Materials and ChemistryTrondheimNorway

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