Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 44, Issue 4, pp 1099–1107 | Cite as

Inclusion of Pediococcus acidilactici as probiotic candidate in diets for beluga (Huso huso) modifies biochemical parameters and improves immune functions

  • Maryam Ghiasi
  • Mohammad Binaii
  • Alireza Naghavi
  • Hosseinali Khoshbavar Rostami
  • Hossainali Nori
  • Atefeh Amerizadeh


Administration of probiotic candidates in fish has generally been shown as a useful strategy to improve growth performance, survival, digestive enzyme activity, and gut microbiota. Unfortunately, the sero-immunological responses of different fish to different probiotic candidates are poorly understood. The present study assessed the effect of Pediococcus acidilactici as a probiotic on the biochemical and immunological parameters of beluga. Fish (248.32 ± 10.21 g) were fed a control diet (without P. acidilactici( and three different doses of P. acidilactici-supplemented diets (107, 108, and 109 CFUg−1 diets) for 8 weeks. On week 8, blood and serum were sampled. Dose-dependent increase of immunological parameters (respiratory burst activity, lysozyme content, serum antibacterial activity, and total immunoglobulin) and biochemical parameters (total protein and albumin levels) was observed. However, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were significantly increased in the juvenile beluga fed by 109 CFUg−1 P. acidilactici-supplemented diet compared to the other groups. Based on the results of this evaluation, it is reasonable to conclude that the inclusion of P. acidilactici as probiotic in diets for juvenile beluga improves the sero-immunological parameters of the fish and should be considered by farmers as a strategy to improve fish health.


Huso huso Pediococcus acidilactici Serum antibacterial activity Total immunoglobulin Aspartate aminotransferase Alanine aminotransferase 



The authors wish to thank Dr. Esmaeli Mola and the staff of Shahid Rajaei propagation and cultivation center of sturgeon fish for their kind help during the experiment.


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maryam Ghiasi
    • 1
  • Mohammad Binaii
    • 1
  • Alireza Naghavi
    • 2
  • Hosseinali Khoshbavar Rostami
    • 3
  • Hossainali Nori
    • 2
  • Atefeh Amerizadeh
    • 4
  1. 1.Caspian Sea Ecology Research Center, Iranian Fisheries Research Organization, Agriculture Research Education and Extension OrganizationSariIran
  2. 2.Shahid Rajaeii Aquaculture Propagation CenterSariIran
  3. 3.Research Center of Inland Waters, Iranian Fisheries Research Organization, Agriculture Research Education and Extension OrganizationGorganIran
  4. 4.Sharif University of TechnologyTehranIran

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