Advertisement

Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 44, Issue 4, pp 1087–1097 | Cite as

Effects of dietary organic, inorganic, and nanoparticulate selenium sources on growth, hemato-immunological, and serum biochemical parameters of common carp (Cyprinus carpio)

  • Sadegh Saffari
  • Saeed Keyvanshokooh
  • Mohammad Zakeri
  • Seyed Ali Johari
  • Hossein Pasha-Zanoosi
  • Mansour Torfi Mozanzadeh
Article

Abstract

An 8-week feeding trial was conducted to compare the effects of supplementing (0.7 mg kg−1) different dietary selenium (Se) sources including organic [selenomethionine (SeMet)], inorganic [sodium selenite (Na2SeO3)], and nanoparticulate Se (nano-Se) on physiological responses of common carp, Cyprinus carpio juveniles (9.7 ± 0.1 g). Basal diet without Se supplementation used as control. Fish fed nano-Se supplemented diet had the highest weight gain (97.2 ± 10.8%) and feed efficiency ratio (42.4 ± 0.8%). Intestinal villi height was significantly taller in fish fed nano-Se diet than in the control group in both foregut and midgut sections. Serum glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase activities were significantly higher in nano-Se and SeMet groups than in control and sodium selenite groups. Fish fed Se-supplemented diets had greater red blood cell counts and hematocrit and hemoglobin values than the control group (P < 0.05). Nano-Se and SeMet groups showed a significant increase in white blood cell counts, neutrophil percentage, and serum lysozyme activity than the other groups. Fish fed nano-Se diet had the highest serum hemolytic activity, total immunoglobulin, and total protein and albumin contents, as well as the lowest serum total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein levels (P < 0.05). Overall, significant improvements in growth performance, feed utilization, intestinal morphology, and hemato-immunological and serum biochemical parameters of common carp juveniles suggest nano-Se as an efficient source for providing dietary Se in this species.

Keywords

Selenium Antioxidant enzymes Intestinal villus Immune response Serum biochemical parameters 

Notes

Funding information

This work was funded by Khorramshahr University of Marine Science and Technology (Grant No. 222945).

References

  1. Abdel-Tawwab M, Mousa MA, Abbass FE (2007) Growth performance and physiological response of African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (B.) fed organic selenium prior to the exposure to environmental copper toxicity. Aquaculture 272:335–345CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abei H (1984) Catalase in vitro. Methods Enzymol 272:121–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ashouri S, Keyvanshokooh S, Salati AP, Johari SA, Pasha-Zanoosi H (2015) Effects of different levels of dietary selenium nanoparticles on growth performance, muscle composition, blood biochemical profiles and antioxidant status of common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Aquaculture 446:25–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blaxhall P, Daisley K (1973) Routine haematological methods for use with fish blood. J Fish Biol 5:771–781CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Buege JA, Aust SD (1978) Microsomal lipid peroxidation. Methods Enzymol 52:302–310CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Burk RF, Hill KE, Motley AK (2003) Selenoprotein metabolism and function: evidence for more than one function for selenoprotein. J Nutr 133:1517–1520CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Burk RF, Norsworthy BK, Hill KE, Motley AK, Byrne DW (2006) Effects of chemical form of selenium on plasma biomarkers in a high-dose human supplementation trial. Cancer Epidemiol Biomark Prev 15:804–810CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cotter PA, Craig SR, McLean E (2008) Hyperaccumulation of selenium in hybrid striped bass: a functional food for aquaculture? Aquac Nutr 14:215–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dhingra S, Bansal MP (2006a) Attenuation of LDL receptor gene expression by selenium deficiency during hypercholesterolemia. Mol Cell Biochem 282:75–82CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Dhingra S, Bansal MP (2006b) Modulation of hypercholesterolemia-induced alterations in apolipoprotein B and HMG-CoA reductase expression by selenium supplementation. Chem Biol Interact 161:49–56CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. El-Hammady AKI, Ibrahim SA, El-Kasheif MA (2007) Synergistic reactions between vitamin E and selenium in diets of hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus × Oreochromis aureus) and their effect on the growth and liver histological structure. Egypt J Aquat Biol Fish 11:53–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Elia AC, Prearo M, Pacini N, Dörr AJM, Abete MC (2011) Effects of selenium diets on growth, accumulation and antioxidant response in juvenile carp. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 74:166–173CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Ellis AE (1990) Serum antiproteases in fish and lysozyme assays. In: Stolen JS, Fletcher TC, Anderson DP, Roberson BS, Van Muiswinkel WB (eds) Techniques in fish immunology. SOS Publications, Fair Haven, pp 95–103Google Scholar
  14. Han D, Xie S, Liu M, Xiao X, Liu H, Zhu X, Yang Y (2011) The effects of dietary selenium on growth performances, oxidative stress and tissue selenium concentration of gibel carp (Carassius auratus gibelio). Aquac Nutr 17:741–749CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hao X, Ling Q, Hong F (2014) Effects of dietary selenium on the pathological changes and oxidative stress in loach (Paramisgurnus dabryanus). Fish Physiol Biochem 40:1313–1323CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Hodgson JC, Watkins CA, Bayne CW (2006) Contribution of respiratory burst activity to innate immune function and the effect of disease status and agent on chemiluminescence responses by ruminant phagocytes in vitro. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 112:12–23CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Jovanovic A, Grubor-Lajsic G, Djukic N, Gardinovacki G, Matic A, Spasic M, Pritsos CA (1997) The effect of selenium on antioxidant system in erythrocytes and liver of the carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 37:443–448CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Khan KU, Zuberi A, Nazir S, Fernandes JBK, Jamil Z, Sarwar H (2016) Effects of dietary selenium nanoparticles on physiological and biochemical aspects of juvenile Tor putitora. Turk J Zool 40:704–712CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Khan KU, Zuberi A, Nazir S, Ullah I, Jamil Z, Sarwar H (2017) Synergistic effects of dietary nano selenium and vitamin C on growth, feeding, and physiological parameters of mahseer fish (Tor putitora). Aquac Rep 5:70–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kohrle J, Brigelius-Flohé R, Bock A, Gartner R, Meyer O, Flohé L (2000) Selenium in biology: facts and medical perspectives. Biol Chem 381:849–864CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kumar S, Sahu NP, Pal AK, Choudhury D, Yengkokpam S, Mukherjee SC (2005) Effect of dietary carbohydrate on haematology, respiratory burst activity and histological changes in L. rohita juveniles. Fish Shellfish Immunol 19:331–344CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Le KT, Fotedar R (2014) Immune responses to Vibrio anguillarumin yellowtail kingfish, Seriola lalandi, fed selenium supplementation. J World Aquac Soc 45:138–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Le KT, Dao TT, Fotedar R, Partrigde GJ (2014) Selenium and vitamin E interaction in the nutrition of yellow kingfish (Seriola lalandi): physiological and immune responses. Aquac Nutr 20:303–313CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lewis S, Bain B, Bates ID (2001) Lewis practical haematology. Churchill Livingstone, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  25. Lin YH, Shiau SY (2005) Dietary selenium requirements of juvenile grouper, Epinephelus malabaricus. Aquaculture 250:356–363CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lin S, Pan Y, Luo L, Luo L (2011) Effects of dietaryb-1, 3-glucan, chitosan or raffinose on the growth, innate immunity and resistance of koi (Cyprinus carpio koi). Fish Shellfish Immunol 31:788–794CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Liu K, Wang XJ, Ai QH, Mai KS, Zhang WB (2010) Dietary selenium requirement for juvenile cobia, Rachycentron canadum L. Aquac Res 41:594–601CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Liu GX, Jiang GZ, Lu KL, Li XF, Zhou M, Zhang DD, Liu WB (2016) Effects of dietary selenium on the growth, selenium status, antioxidant activities, muscle composition and meat quality of blunt snout bream, Megalobrama amblycephala. Aquacu Nutr 23:777–787.  https://doi.org/10.1111/anu.12444 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Lorentzen M, Maage A, Julshamn K (1994) Effects of dietary selenite or selenomethionine on tissue selenium levels of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Aquaculture 121:359–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. McCord JM, Fridovich I (1969) Superoxide dismutase an enzymic function for erythrocuprein (hemocuprein). J Biol Chem 244:6049–6055PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Molnár T, Biró J, Balogh K, Mézes M, Hancz C (2011) Improving the nutritional value of Nile tilapia fillet by dietary selenium supplementation. Israel J Aquacult Bamidgeh 64:1–6Google Scholar
  32. Naderi M, Keyvanshokooh S, Salati AP, Ghaedi A (2017a) Combined or individual effects of dietary vitamin E and selenium nanoparticles on humoral immune status and serum parameters of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) under high stocking density. Aquaculture 474:40–47CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Naderi M, Keyvanshokooh S, Salati AP, Ghaedi A (2017b) Effects of dietary vitamin E and selenium nanoparticles supplementation on acute stress responses in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) previously subjected to chronic stress. Aquaculture 473:215–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Naderi M, Keyvanshokooh S, Salati AP, Ghaedi A (2017c) Proteomic analysis of liver tissue from rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) under high rearing density after administration of dietary vitamin E and selenium nanoparticles. Comp Biochem Physiol Part D Genom Proteom 22:10–19Google Scholar
  35. Nandra RK (1997) Nutrition and the immune system: an introduction. Am J Clin Nutr 66:460–463CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. National Research Council of the National Academies (NRC) (2011) Nutrient requirements of fish and shrimp. The National Academic Press, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  37. Noguchi T, Cantor AH, Scott ML (1973) Mode of action of selenium and vitamin E in prevention of exudative diathesis in chicks. J Nutr 103:1502–1511CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Nugroho RA, Fotedar R (2015) Effects of dietary organic selenium on immune responses, total selenium accumulation and digestive system health of marron, Cherax cainii (Austin, 2002). Aquac Res 46:1657–1667CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Rayman MP (2004) The use of high-selenium yeast to raise selenium status, how does it measure up? Br J Nutr 92:57–573CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Read-Snyder J, Edens FW, Cantor AH, Pescatore AG, Pierce JL (2009) Effect of dietary selenium on small intestine villus integrity in Reovirus-challenged broilers. Int J Poult Sci 8:829–835CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Riche M (2007) Analysis of refractometry for determining total plasma protein in hybrid striped bass (Morone chrysops × M. saxatilis) at various salinities. Aquaculture 264:279–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Rotruck JT, Pope AL, Ganther HE, Swanson AB, Hafeman DG, Hoekstra W (1973) Selenium: biochemical role as a component of glutathione peroxidase. Science 179:588–590CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Schrauzer GN (2000) Selenomethionine: a review of its nutritional significance, metabolism and toxicity. J Nutr 130:1653–1656CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Siwicki AK, Anderson DP, Rumsey GL (1994) Dietary intake of immunostimulants by rainbow trout affects non-specific immunity and protection against furunculosis. Vet Immunol Immunopathol 41:125–139CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Skalickova S, Milosavljevic V, Cihalova K, Horky P, Richtera L, Adam V (2017) Selenium nanoparticles as a nutritional supplement. Nutrition 33:83–90CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Suzuki Y, Hashiura Y, Matsumura K, Matsukawa T, Shinohara A, Furuta N (2010) Dynamic pathways of selenium metabolism and excretion in mice under different selenium nutritional statuses. Metallomics 2:126–132CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. Tort L, Gomez E, Montero D, Sunyer JO (1996) Serum hemolytic and agglutinating activity as indicators of fish immunocompetence: their suitability in stress and dietary studies. Aquaculture 4:31–41Google Scholar
  48. Wang C, Lovell RT, Klesius PH (1997) Response to Edwardsiella ictaluri challenge by channel catfish fed organic and inorganic sources of selenium. J Aquat Anim Health 9P:172–179CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Wang Y, Yan X, Fu L (2013) Effect of selenium nanoparticles with different sizes in primary cultured intestinal epithelial cells of crucian carp, Carassius auratus gibelio. Int J Nanomedicine 8:4007–4013CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  50. Yang KC, Lee LT, Lee YS, Huang HY, Chen CY, Huang KC (2010) Serum selenium concentration is associated with metabolic factors in the elderly: a cross-sectional study. Nutr Metabol 7:38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Zhang J, Gao X, Zhang L, Bao YP (2001) Biological effects of a nano red elemental selenium. Biofactors 15:27–38CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Zhou X, Wang Y, Gu Q, Li W (2009) Effects of different dietary selenium sources (selenium nanoparticle and selenomethionine) on growth performance, muscle composition and glutathione peroxidase enzyme activity of crucian carp (Carassius auratus gibelio). Aquaculture 291:78–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sadegh Saffari
    • 1
  • Saeed Keyvanshokooh
    • 1
  • Mohammad Zakeri
    • 1
  • Seyed Ali Johari
    • 2
  • Hossein Pasha-Zanoosi
    • 3
  • Mansour Torfi Mozanzadeh
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Marine Natural ResourcesKhorramshahr University of Marine Science and TechnologyKhorramshahrIran
  2. 2.Department of Fisheries, Faculty of Natural ResourcesSanandajIran
  3. 3.Department of Physical Oceanography, Faculty of Marine SciencesKhorramshahr University of Marine Science and TechnologyKhorramshahrIran
  4. 4.South Iran Aquaculture Research CentreAhwazIran

Personalised recommendations