Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 475–487 | Cite as

Substitution of soybean meal with fermented Jatropha kernel meal: effect on growth performance, body composition, and metabolic enzyme activity of Labeo rohita

  • Vikas Phulia
  • Parimal Sardar
  • Narottam Prasad Sahu
  • Femi John Fawole
  • N. Shamna
  • Subodh Gupta


A 60-day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the nutritional potential of fermented Jatropha kernel meal (FJKM) in the diets of rohu, Labeo rohita, fingerlings. Four iso-nitrogenous (336 g kg−1) and iso-energetic (20 MJ kg−1) diets containing 0, 100, 200, and 300 g kg−1 FJKM in replacement of 0, 33.3, 66.7, and 100% soybean meal protein, respectively, were prepared and designated as control, T1, T2, and T3, respectively. A total of 180 acclimatized fish (average weight 6.05 ± 0.04 g) were equally distributed into four experimental groups in triplicates, and were fed their respective diets to satiation twice daily at 10:00 h and 18:00 h. Higher percent weight gain (%WG); specific growth rate (SGR); protein efficiency ratio (PER); protease, aspartate amino transferase (AST), and alanine amino transferase (ALT) activities; and lower feed conversion ratio (FCR) were recorded in T2 and T3 groups compared to other groups. Whereas hepatosomatic index (HSI), intestinal somatic index (ISI), and amylase, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), malate dehydrogenase (MDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase activities among the various dietary groups did not vary significantly (P > 0.05). Whole body composition of fish analyzed at the end of the feeding trial exhibited significantly (P < 0.05) higher ether extract and lower crude protein in the control group compared to the FJKM-fed groups. These results indicated that rohu fingerlings can efficiently utilize FJKM without any detrimental effect on growth performance, nutrient utilization, and metabolic response.


Fermentation Jatropha kernel meal Growth Nutrient utilization Metabolic enzymes Body composition 



We gratefully acknowledge the Director and Vice Chancellor, ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai, for providing the facilities to conduct this research work. The first author duly acknowledges the UGC, New Delhi, for awarding Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship to pursue the Ph.D program.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vikas Phulia
    • 1
    • 2
  • Parimal Sardar
    • 1
  • Narottam Prasad Sahu
    • 1
  • Femi John Fawole
    • 1
    • 3
  • N. Shamna
    • 1
  • Subodh Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Fish Nutrition, Biochemistry and Physiology DivisionICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries EducationMumbaiIndia
  2. 2.Krishi Vigyan Kendra, SASNagarIndia
  3. 3.Department of Fisheries and Wildlife Management, College of AgricultureOsun State UniversityOsogboNigeria

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