Sequence and functional analysis of intestinal alkaline phosphatase from Lateolabrax maculatus
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Alkaline phosphatases (Alps) belong to a class of phosphate transferases that dephosphorylate lipopolysaccharide (LPS), adenosine triphosphate, and nucleotides. In this study, a 1874-base pair (bp) intestinal alp cDNA sequence was cloned from Lateolabrax maculatus and designated as Lm-alpi. It contained a 1611 bp open reading frame which encoded a protein with 537 amino acids. Protein sequence alignment showed that Lm-AlpI shared 29.8–79.8% identity with its homologs. Lm-AlpI catalytic sites contained three metal ion sites (two Zn2+ and one Mg2+), referring to D73, H184, D348, H349, H352, H464, D389, and H390 residues, which are essential for enzymatic activity and conservation in different organisms. Two predicted disulfide bonds in Lm-AlpI were composed of four cysteines (C152–C214 and C499–C506), which were homologous to those of mammals. Immunohistochemical staining revealed that Lm-AlpI was mainly expressed on the mucosal surface of the gastrointestinal tract, including stomach, intestine, and gastric cecum. Lm-AlpI was mainly located on the plasma membrane of transiently transfected HeLa cells. The mRNA of Lm-alpi was mainly expressed in the intestine, and its expression levels gradually increased after LPS treatment and further increased by 1.81-fold after 48 h. After desalting culture, the relative mRNA expression level of Lm-alpi decreased at 30 and 50 days after hatching (DAH) and then returned to normal levels at 70 DAH. Further experiments demonstrated that the enzyme activity of Lm-AlpI exhibited an expression pattern similar to that of the mRNA expression of Lm-alpi after LPS treatment and desalting culture. This study provided valuable information on the Lm-AlpI functions associated with the mucosal immunity and salinity adaptation of L. maculatus.
KeywordsAlkaline phosphatase Lateolabrax maculatus Mucosal immunity Lipopolysaccharide Salinity
This work was financially supported by the China Agriculture Research System (CARS-49), the Shanghai Collaborate Innovation Center for Aquatic Animal Genetics and Breeding (ZF1206), the Talent Development Special Fund of Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences (16F0505), and the Subjects Construction Fund of Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences (17A0515).
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