This study examined the effects of acclimation temperature (10, 15, 20, or 25 °C) and an acute exposure to various temperatures on the routine metabolism of juvenile (~11 g) shortnose sturgeon (Acipenser brevirostrum). For the acclimation experiment, the minimum, mean, and maximum routine metabolic rates were established for sturgeon at each temperature. Mean routine metabolic rates for 10, 15, 20, and 25 °C were 134, 277, 313, and 309 mg O2 kg−1 h−1, respectively, with significant differences occurring between 10 and 15, 10 and 20, and 10 and 25 °C. For the acute exposure, similar patterns and significant differences were observed. Temperature quotient (Q 10) values indicate that the greatest effect of temperature occurred between 10 and 15 °C for both the acclimation and acute temperature experiments. In addition, the effect of temperature on the metabolic rate of sturgeon was nearly negligible between 15 and 25 °C. These results suggest that juvenile shortnose sturgeon are sensitive to temperature changes at the lower end of the range, and less sensitive in the mid-to-upper temperature range.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
Allen PJ, Nicholl M, Cole S, Vlazny A, Cech JJ (2006) Growth of larval to juvenile green sturgeon in elevated temperature regimes. Trans Am Fish Soc 135:89–96
Beitinger TJ, Lutterschmidt WI (2011) Measures of thermal tolerance. In: Farrell AP, Stevens ED, Cech JJ, Richards JG (eds) Encyclopedia of fish physiology—from genome to environment. Academic Press, Waltham
Billard R, Lecointre G (2001) Biology and conservation of sturgeon and paddlefish. Rev Fish Biol Fisher 10:355–392
Birstein VJ, Bemis WE (1997) How many species are there within the genus Acipenser? Environ Biol Fish 48:157–163
Brett JR (1971) Energetic responses of salmon temperature. A study of thermal relations in the physiology and freshwater ecology of sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka). Am Zool 11:99–113
Brett JR, Glass NR (1973) Metabolic rates and critical swimming speeds of sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) in relation to size and temperature. J Fish Bd Can 30:379–387
Brett JR, Groves TDD (1979) Physiological energetics. In: Hoar WS, Randall DJ, Brett JR (eds) Fish physiology, vol 7. Academic Press, New York, pp 279–352
Cano JM, Nicieza AG (2006) Temperature, metabolic rate, and constraints on locomotor performance in ectotherm vertebrates. Funct Ecol 20:464–470
Carlson JK, Parsons GR (1999) Seasonal differences in routine oxygen consumption rates of the bonnethead shark. J Fish Biol 55:876–879
Cooke SJ, Kassler TW, Philipp DP (2001) Physiological performance of largemouth bass related to local adaptation and interstock hybridization: implications for conservation and management. J Fish Biol 59:248–268
Dadswell MJ, Taubert BD, Squiers TS, Marchette S Buckley J (1984) Synopsis of biological data on shortnose sturgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum LeSuer 1818. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration Technical Report NMFS 14, Washington, D.C
Deslauriers D, Kieffer JD (2012) The effects of temperature on swimming performance of juvenile shortnose sturgeon (Acipenser brevirostrum). J Appl Ichth 28:176–181
Fry FEJ (1971) The effect of environmental factors on the physiology on fish. In: Hoar WS, Randall DJ (eds) Fish physiology, vol VI. Academic Press, New York, pp 1–98
Fry FEJ, Hart JS (1948) The relation of temperature to oxygen consumption in the goldfish. Biol Bull 94:66–77
Kieffer JD, Cooke SJ (2009) Physiology and organismal performance of centrarchids. In: Cooke SJ, Philipp DP (eds) Centrachid fishes: diversity, biology and conservation. Oxford Press, Wiley, pp 207–263
Kieffer JD, Wakefield AM (2009) Oxygen consumption, ammonia excretion and protein use in response to thermal changes in juvenile Atlantic salmon Salmo salar. J Fish Biol 74:591–603
Kieffer JD, Alsop D, Wood CM (1998) A respirometric analysis of fuel use during aerobic swimming at different temperatures in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). J Exp Biol 201:3123–3133
Kieffer JD, Wakefield AM, Litvak MK (2001) Juvenile sturgeon exhibit reduced physiological responses to exercise. J Exp Biol 204:4281–4289
Kynard B (1997) Life History, latitudinal patterns, and status of the shortnose sturgeon, Acipenser brevirostrum. Environ Biol Fishes 48:319–334
Lassalle G, Crouzet P, Gessner J, Rochard E (2010) Global warming impacts and conservation responses for the critically endangered European Atlantic sturgeon. Biol Cons 143:2441–2452
Lee CG, Farrell AP, Lotto A, MacNutt MJ, Hinch SG, Healey MC (2003) The effect of temperature on swimming performance and oxygen consumption in adult sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka) and coho (O. kisutch) salmon stocks. J Exp Biol 206:3239–3251
Mayfield RB, Cech JJ (2004) Temperature effects on green sturgeon bioenergetics. Trans Am Fish Soc 133:961–970
McKenzie DJ, Piraccini G, Steffensen JF, Bolis CL, Taylor EW (1995) Effects of diet on spontaneous locomotor activity and oxygen consumption in Adriatic sturgeon (Acipenser maccarii). Fish Physiol Biochem 14:341–355
Prosser CL (1991) Environmental and metabolic animal physiology. Wiley, New York, pp 109–166
Scott WB, Crossman EJ (1973) Freshwater fishes of Canada, 184th edn. Fisheries Research Board of Canada Bulletin, Canada
Secor DH, Gunderson TE (1998) Effects of hypoxia and temperature on survival, growth, and respiration of juvenile Atlantic sturgeon, Acipenser oxyrinchus. Fish Bull 96:603–613
Wilson JA, McKinley RS (2004) Distribution, habitat and movements. In: LeBreton GTO, Beamish FWH, McKinley RS (eds) Sturgeons and paddlefish of North America. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Netherlands, pp 40–72
Ziegeweid JR, Jennings CA, Peterson DL (2008) Thermal maxima for juvenile shortnose sturgeon acclimated to different temperatures. Environ Biol Fish 82:299–307
Funding for this research was provided by a Natural Science and Engineering Council Grant of Canada (NSERC) discovery grant to J.D.K. Support was also provided by the MADSAM fish group and the Marguerite and Murray Vaughan Graduate Fellowship in Marine Science to F.M.P. All procedures followed the guidelines of animal use set out by the Canadian Council of Animal Care and were approved by the Institutions Animal Care Committee.
Rights and permissions
About this article
Cite this article
Kieffer, J.D., Penny, F.M. & Papadopoulos, V. Temperature has a reduced effect on routine metabolic rates of juvenile shortnose sturgeon (Acipenser brevirostrum). Fish Physiol Biochem 40, 551–559 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10695-013-9865-8
- Oxygen consumption rate
- Shortnose sturgeon