Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 39, Issue 2, pp 309–324 | Cite as

Molecular cloning, characterization, and gene expression of the androgen receptor in the large yellow croaker, Larimichthys crocea

Article

Abstract

Androgens mediate a wide range of physiological responses and developmental processes in vertebrates, involving both reproductive and nonreproductive systems. The activity of androgens is mediated by the androgen receptor (AR), a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily. In this study, an AR gene was cloned from the large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea) for the first time. qRT-PCR revealed ubiquitous expression of AR in all adult tissues examined, with higher expression in the gonad and liver of both sexes and highest expression in the blastula stage of embryonic development. Using in situ hybridization, we detected positive signals of AR in the spermatogonium, spermatocyte, spermatid, and spermatozoon during spermatogenesis, in the cytoplasm of all oocytes during oogenesis and in the follicle cells of stage IV oocytes. Our findings support the important role that AR plays in gametogenesis, gonadal development, and the early stages of embryonic development.

Keywords

Larimichthys crocea AR Gametogenesis Gonadal development Embryonic development 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Healthy Mariculture for East China Sea, Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries CollegeJimei UniversityXiamenChina
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  3. 3.Department of Biological ScienceSeton Hall UniversitySouth OrangeUSA

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