Fire Technology

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 213–217 | Cite as

Questions About the Conclusions in Blais and Carpenter 2013

  • Vytenis BabrauskasEmail author
  • Veena Singla
  • Donald Lucas
  • David Rich
Letter to Editor

Dear Editor,

We raise questions concerning the validity of the experiments and conclusions presented in the paper “Flexible Polyurethane Foams: A Comparative Measurement of Toxic Vapors and Other Toxic Emissions in Controlled Combustion Environments of Foams With and Without Fire Retardants” which was written by Blais and Carpenter and recently published in Fire Technology [ 1]. We believe there are a number of aspects of the research or conclusions given in this paper that are incorrect or misleading, summarized briefly here and described in detail below.
  1. 1.

    Using the terms “fire barrier” and “barrier” to describe material not used in a standard barrier configuration.

  2. 2.

    The large-scale tests do not represent “realistic fire conditions” for multiple reasons, and the results should not be generalized to typical residential furniture.

  3. 3.

    The analysis methods used to measure dioxins and furans were incomplete and inadequate to characterize the expected dioxin and furan combustion...


Foam Dioxin Cover Fabric Brominate Flame Retardant Residential Fire 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by funding from the Passport Foundation (Veena Singla).

Conflicts of Interest

All authors declare no competing financial interests.


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  2. 2.
    ASTM (2008) Standard test methods for cigarette ignition resistance of components of upholstered furniture E1353-08a, pp 1–11. doi: 10.1520/E1353-08A.1.6
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vytenis Babrauskas
    • 1
    Email author
  • Veena Singla
    • 2
    • 3
  • Donald Lucas
    • 2
    • 4
  • David Rich
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.Fire Science & Technology, Inc.IssaquahUSA
  2. 2.Green Science Policy InstituteBerkeleyUSA
  3. 3.Natural Resources Defense CouncilSan FranciscoUSA
  4. 4.Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryBerkeleyUSA
  5. 5.University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA
  6. 6.Reax Engineering, Inc.BerkeleyUSA

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