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Fire Technology

, Volume 51, Issue 1, pp 129–152 | Cite as

Characteristics of Nuclear Facility Waste Bag Fires

  • Young-Geun You
  • Haejun Park
  • Nicholas A. DembseyEmail author
  • William B. TillJr
  • Eric R. Johnson
  • Jason Butler
Article

Abstract

Waste bags from nuclear facilities filled with plastic personal protective equipment were tested to measure their fire hazard. Heat release rate (HRR), smoke yield and incident heat flux from waste bag fires were measured in a room/corner test apparatus. Three different size bags were tested in the corner of the room in order to check the effect of waste bag size. Full size waste bags were tested in the three different locations: in the center, in the corner and against the back wall of the room in order to check the effect of location. Bag fires can produce high HRRs (~800 kW) indicating that special caution is needed for waste bag management in nuclear facilities. Different size bags burn in a similar manner which allows a simple analytical tool to be developed to estimate transient HRR. In addition to the analytical tool, smoke yield and heat flux data can be used to simulate the waste bag fires and to validate fire model simulations.

Keywords

Waste bag fire Trash bag fire Nuclear facility waste bag Plastic personal protective equipment Room test Fire modeling 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors greatly appreciate the support for this work by Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLC (AC818440) and Department of Energy (DE-AC09-08SR470). Many thanks go to Randall Harris at WPI for conducting the room tests.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Young-Geun You
    • 1
  • Haejun Park
    • 1
  • Nicholas A. Dembsey
    • 1
    Email author
  • William B. TillJr
    • 2
  • Eric R. Johnson
    • 2
  • Jason Butler
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Fire Protection EngineeringWorcester Polytechnic InstituteWorcesterUSA
  2. 2.Savannah River Nuclear Solutions, LLCAikenUSA

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