Skip to main content

Table 5 EPA TO-15 Chemicals Detected During Room Corner Tests from Grab Samples

From: Flexible Polyurethane Foams: A Comparative Measurement of Toxic Vapors and Other Toxic Emissions in Controlled Combustion Environments of Foams With and Without Fire Retardants

CAS# Chemical Non-FR cotton/1030 foam (ppm) FR cotton/1030 foam (ppm) FR cotton/FR1354 foam (ppb) Non-FR cotton/FR1354 foam (ppb)
Test 1-1* Test 1-2 Test 2-1 Test 2-2 Test 3-1 Test 3-2 Test 4-1 Test 4-2
115-07-1 Propene ND 1.4 (J) 9.60 0.12 11.8 ND 4.75 2.39
64-17-5 Ethanol ND ND 0.73 (J)*** 0.03 (J) 0.71 (J) ND ND ND
107-02-8 Acrolein ND ND 0.62 (J) ND 1.34 (J) ND 0.53 (J) 0.46 (J)
67-64-1 Acetone ND 0.559 (J) 5.49 106 5.63 ND 1.89 1.39
67-63-0 Isopropanol ND ND 1.03 (J) 16.0 (J) 0.79 (J) ND ND ND
78-93-3 2-Butanone ND ND 0.70 (J) 15.2 (J) 0.67 (J) ND ND ND
142-82-5 Heptane** ND ND 0.26 (J) ND ND ND ND ND
74-87-3 Chloromethane ND ND ND ND 1.03 (J) ND 1.51 0.62 (J)
74-83-9 Bromomethane ND ND ND ND 0.62 (J) ND ND ND
71-43-2 Benzene ND ND ND ND 2.85 ND 4.10 0.37 (J)
10061-01-5 Cis-1,3-dichloropropene ND ND ND ND 2.16 ND 0.44 (J) 0.92 (J)
10061-01-6 Trans-1,3-dichloropropene ND ND ND ND 1.94 ND 0.36 (J) 0.86 (J)
108-88-3 Toluene ND ND ND ND ND ND 0.27 (J) ND
91-20-3 Naphthalene ND ND ND ND ND ND 0.29 (J) ND
  1. * Test sample 1-1 was collected at 15 in. above floor level, all others were collected at the center of the door frame and 1 in. from the top
  2. ** Heptane data is likely from laboratory contamination, Heptane was used as an accelerant in another test adjacent to the test being performed
  3. *** (J)-signifies value is below calibration curve due to dilution of sample in method