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Table 2 Mass Loss and Smoke Density for Smoke Box Testing of Foam/Fabric Configurations

From: Flexible Polyurethane Foams: A Comparative Measurement of Toxic Vapors and Other Toxic Emissions in Controlled Combustion Environments of Foams With and Without Fire Retardants

Sample condition Initial mass (g) Final mass (g) Mass loss (g) Max loss (s) Optical density Peak smoke (s)
Non-FR cotton/1030-FPUF 18.9 3.8 15.1 285 104 370
Non-FR cotton/1030-FPUF 18.8 3.3 15.5 275 87 340
Non-FR cotton/FR-1354-FPUF 23.7 0.4 23.3 175 262 260
Non-FR cotton/FR-1354-FPUF 21.9 9.4 12.5 290 187 275
FR cotton/1030-FPUF 20.4 5.4 15 610 530 375
FR cotton/1030-FPUF 19.7 3.8 15.9 305 476 190
FR cotton/FR-1354-FPUF 24.1 24 0.1 5 1.63 330
FR cotton/FR-1354-FPUF 24 23.8 0.2 5 11.5 130
FR cotton/FR-1354n-FPUF 23.3 17.1 6.2 260 547 180
FR cotton/FR-1354n-FPUF 23.5 16.7 6.8 235 560 220