Skip to main content

A New Approach to Control a Serious Mine Fire with Using Liquid Nitrogen as Extinguishing Media

Abstract

Subsurface fires are a common threat for coal mining, since spontaneous coal combustion can easily result in gas combustion and explosion. In this paper, aiming to solve problems of the low efficiency, the line clogging, and some other related field issues in liquid nitrogen perfusion, a fire extinguishing application by using immediate liquid nitrogen infusion was presented. The presented technique is efficient in absorbing heat, and consequently, displacing oxygen and combustible gases. Field tests justified the efficiency of the technique. Only 12 days were taken to unseal the coal mine, which provides a quick and efficient management of the fire zone. Furthermore, by using the presented technique, there was no waste left behind which may impede the subsequent production. The presented technique is of great benefit from the social, economic, and environmental aspects, which indicates its broad application in fire prevention for large-scale coal mines.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4

References

  1. 1.

    Colaizzi GJ (2004) Prevention, control and/or extinguishment of coal seam fires using cellular grout. Int J Coal Geol 59:75–81

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Liu L, Zhou FB (2010) A comprehensive hazard evaluation system for spontaneous combustion of coal in underground mining. Int J Coal Geol 82:27–36.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Zhou FB, Ren WX, Wang DM, Song TL, Li X, and Zhang YL (2006) Application of three-phase foam to fight an extraordinarily serious coal mine fire. Int J Coal Geol 67:95–100

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Zhou FB, Wang DM (2004) Directory of recent testing methods for the propensity of coal to spontaneous combustion. J Fire Sci 22: 91–96.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Ray SK, Singh RP (2007) Recent developments and practices to control fire in underground coal mines. Fire Technol 43:285–300.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Tripathi DD (2008) New approaches for increasing the incubation period of spontaneous combustion of coal in an underground mine panel. Fire Technol 44:185–198

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Mawhinney JR, Richardson JK (1996) A review of water mist fire suppression research and development. Fire Technol 33:54–90

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Singh RVK, Singh VK (2004) Mechanised spraying device—a novel technology for spraying fire protective coating material in the benches of opencast coal mines for preventing spontaneous combustion. Fire Technol 40:355–365

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Adamus A (2001) Review of nitrogen as an inert gas in underground mines. J Mine Vent Soc S Afr 54:60–61.

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Moriss RE (1987) A review of experiences on the use of inert gases in mine fires. Min Sci Technol 6:37–69

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Kim AG (2004) Cryogenic injection to control a coal waste bank fire. Int J Coal Geol 59:63–73

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Kim AG, Kociban AM (1994) Cryogenic slurry method to extinguish waste bank fires. Proc US Bureau Mines 4:129–138

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Mohalik NK, Singh RVK, Pandey J, Singh VK (2005) Application of nitrogen as preventive and controlling subsurface fire—Indian context. J Sci Ind Res India 64:273–280

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Vaughan-Thomas T (1964) The use of nitrogen in controlling an underground fire at fernhill colliery. Min Eng 123:311–336

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Bacharach JPL, Craven AL, Stewart DB (1986) Underground mine fire control with inerting systems. CIM Bull 79:67–72

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Banerjee SP (1987) Nitrogen flushing in coal mines as a measure against mine fires, Trans Min Geol Metall 84:1–9

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Wastell ER, Walker G (1983) The use of nitrogen in fryston colliery. Trans Inst Min Eng 142:27–36

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Fauconnier CJ, Meyer MJR (1986) Conceptual mathematical models for the injection injection of nitrogen into sealed colliery fires. J S Afr Inst Min Metall 86:81–88

    Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Williams FA (1982) Urban and wildland fire phenomenology. Prog Energy Combust Sci 8:317–354.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Sperling T, Henderson JP (2001) Understanding and controlling landfill fires. In Annual landfill symposium, SWANA, pp 367–380

Download references

Acknowledgments

Financial supports for this work, which are provided by the Outstanding Youth Fund by Jiangsu Province (BK2012003) and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2012LWBZ09) are gratefully acknowledged.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Zhou Fu-bao.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Fu-bao, Z., Bo-bo, S., Jian-wei, C. et al. A New Approach to Control a Serious Mine Fire with Using Liquid Nitrogen as Extinguishing Media. Fire Technol 51, 325–334 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10694-013-0351-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • Subsurface fire
  • Liquid nitrogen
  • Immediate infusion
  • Fire extinguishing
  • Inerting