Several temperate Jupiters have been discovered to date, but most of them remain to be detected. In this note, we analyse the expected infrared transmission spectrum of a temperate Jupiter, with an equilibrium temperature ranging between 350 and 500 K. We estimate its expected amplitude signal through a primary transit, and we analyse the best conditions for the host star to be filled in order to optimize the S/N ratio of its transmission spectrum. Calculations show that temperate Jupiters around M stars could have an amplitude signal higher than 10−4 in primary transits, with revolution periods of a few tens of days and transit durations of a few hours. In order to enlarge the sampling of exoplanets to be observed with ARIEL (presently focussed on objects warmer than 500 K), such objects could be considered as additional possible targets for the mission.
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We acknowledge support from the French National Research Agency (ANR) project (contract ANR-16-CE31-0005-03). G.T acknowledges support from the ERC Project Exolights (id. 617119).
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Encrenaz, T., Tinetti, G. & Coustenis, A. Transit spectroscopy of temperate Jupiters with ARIEL: a feasibility study. Exp Astron 46, 31–44 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-017-9561-2
- Transit spectroscopy
- Infrared spectroscopy