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The infrared camera onboard JEM-EUSO

Abstract

The Extreme Universe Space Observatory on the Japanese Experiment Module (JEM-EUSO) on board the International Space Station (ISS) is the first space-based mission worldwide in the field of Ultra High-Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR). For UHECR experiments, the atmosphere is not only the showering calorimeter for the primary cosmic rays, it is an essential part of the readout system, as well. Moreover, the atmosphere must be calibrated and has to be considered as input for the analysis of the fluorescence signals. Therefore, the JEM-EUSO Space Observatory is implementing an Atmospheric Monitoring System (AMS) that will include an IR-Camera and a LIDAR. The AMS Infrared Camera is an infrared, wide FoV, imaging system designed to provide the cloud coverage along the JEM-EUSO track and the cloud top height to properly achieve the UHECR reconstruction in cloudy conditions. In this paper, an updated preliminary design status, the results from the calibration tests of the first prototype, the simulation of the instrument, and preliminary cloud top height retrieval algorithms are presented.

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Acknowledgements

This work is supported by the Spanish Government MICINN & MINECO under the Space Program: projects AYA2009-06037-E/AYA, AYA-ESP 2010-19082, AYA-ESP 2011-29489-C03, AYA-ESP 2012-39115-C03, CSD2009-00064 (Consolider MULTIDARK) and by Comunidad de Madrid under project S2009/ESP-1496. M. D. Rodriguez Frias deeply acknowledge Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC) the grant under the ”Excelence Severo Ochoa Program” to perform a mid-term visit at this institute (Tenerife, Canary Islands).

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Correspondence to J. A. Morales de los Ríos or M. D. Rodríguez Frías.

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The JEM-EUSO Collaboration., Adams, J.H., Ahmad, S. et al. The infrared camera onboard JEM-EUSO. Exp Astron 40, 61–89 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-014-9402-5

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Keywords

  • JEM-EUSO
  • Space observatory
  • IR-camera
  • Ultra-High Energy Cosmic Rays (UHECR)