Skip to main content
Log in

JEM-EUSO observational technique and exposure

  • Original Article
  • Published:
Experimental Astronomy Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Designed as the first mission to explore the ultra-high energy universe from space, JEM-EUSO observes the Earth’s atmosphere at night to record the ultraviolet tracks generated by the extensive air showers. We present the expected geometrical aperture and annual exposure in the nadir and tilt modes for ultra-high energy cosmic rays observation as a function of the altitude of the International Space Station.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8

Similar content being viewed by others

Notes

  1. Hereafter, Earth’s surface is referred to as the assumed Earth’s ellipsoid model and the altitude is measured from this level.

  2. It is defined by the condition in which the geometrical aperture is > 0.8 ⋅ S ⋅ Ω for the area S and solid angle acceptance Ω defined by specific geometrical cuts.

References

  1. Takahashi, Y., et al.: (JEM-EUSO Coll.), the JEM-EUSO Mission. New J. Phys. 11, 065009/1-21 (2009)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  2. Adams Jr., J.H., et al.: (JEM-EUSO Coll.) an overview of the JEM-EUSO instrument. This volume

  3. Greisen, K.: End to the cosmic-ray spectrum? Phys. Rev. Lett. 16, 748–750 (1966)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  4. Zatsepin, G.T., Kuz’min, V.A.: Upper limit of the spectrum of cosmic rays. J. Exp. Theor. Phys. Lett. 4, 78–80 (1966)

    Google Scholar 

  5. Adams Jr., J.H., et al.: (JEM-EUSO Coll.) ultra high energy photons and neutrinos with JEM-EUSO. This volume

  6. Adams Jr., J.H., et al.: (JEM-EUSO Coll.), an evaluation of the exposure in nadir observation of the JEM-EUSO mission. Astropart. Phys. 44, 76–90 (2013)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  7. Adams Jr., J.H., et al.: (JEM-EUSO Coll.) the AM system of the JEM-EUSO instrument. This volume

  8. Wiencke, L., et al.: (JEM-EUSO Coll.) the JEM-EUSO global light system. In: Proceedings 33rd International Cosmic Ray Conference, #818 (2013)

  9. Adams Jr., J.H., et al.: (JEM-EUSO Coll.) performances of JEM-EUSO: Angular reconstruction. This volume

  10. Adams Jr., J.H., et al.: (JEM-EUSO Coll.) performances of JEM-EUSO: Energy and X max reconstruction. This volume

  11. Abu-Zayyad, T., Jui, C.C.H., Loh, E.C.: The effect of clouds on air showers observation from space. Astropart. Phys. 21, 163–182 (2004)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  12. Berat, C., et al.: Full simulation of space-based extensive air showers detectors with ESAF. Astropart. Phys. 33(4), 221–247 (2010)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  13. Garipov, G.K., et al.: UV radiation from the atmosphere: Results of the MSU Tatiana satellite measurements. Astropart. Phys. 24, 400–408 (2005)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  14. Barbier, M., et al.: NIGHTGLOW: An instrument to measure the Earth’s nighttime ultraviolet glow - results from the first engineering flight. Astropart. Phys. 22, 439–449 (2005)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  15. Catalano, O., et al.: The atmospheric nightglow in the 300 - 400 nm wavelength: Results by the balloon-borne experiment BABY. Nucl. Inst. Methods A 480, 547–554 (2002)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  16. Mernik, T., Bobik, P., Putis, M., et al.: (JEM-EUSO Collaboration), UV night background estimation in South Atlantic AnomalyIn: Proceedings of 33rd International Cosmic Ray Conference. ID0874 (2013). arXiv:1307.7071

  17. Heinderickx, B., Quaghebeur, B., Speelman, E., et al.: Spacecraft charging models in ESA’s SPace ENVironment Information System (SPENVIS), spacecraft charging technologyIn: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference, European Space Agency. ESA SP-476, pp. 163–168 (2001)

  18. Agostinelli, S., Allison, J., Amako, E., et al.: GEANT4 – a simulation toolkit. Nucl. Inst. Methods A 506, 250–303 (2003)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  19. http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/Aurora/index.html (2013)

  20. Adams Jr., J.H., et al.: (JEM-EUSO Coll.), JEM-EUSO observation in cloudy conditions. This volume

  21. TOVS. http://www.ozonelayer.noaa.gov/action/tovs.htm/ (2008)

  22. Sáez-Cano, G., Shinozaki, K., del Peral, L., et al.: Observation of extensive air showers in cloudy conditions by the JEM-EUSO Space Mission, to appear on Advances in Space Research (2013). doi:10.1016/j.asr.2013.07.015

  23. Settimo, M.: For the Auger collaboration, measurement of the cosmic ray energy spectrum using hybrid events of the Pierre Auger observatory. Eur. J. Suppl. Plus 127, 87 (2012)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Dawson, B.R., et al.: The energy spectrum of cosmic rays at the highest energies. EPJ Web Conf. 53, 01005 (2013)

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Abraham, J., et al.: (Auger Coll.), trigger and aperture of the surface detector array of the Pierre Auger observatory. Nucl. Inst. Methods A 613, 29–39 (2010)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  26. Abu-Zayyad, T., et al.: (Telescope Array Coll.), the surface detector array of the Telescope Array experiment. Nucl. Inst. Methods A 689, 87–97 (2012)

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

This work was partially supported by Basic Science Interdisciplinary Research Projects of RIKEN and JSPS KAKENHI Grant (22340063, 23340081, and 24244042), by the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs - General Direction for the Cultural Promotion and Cooperation, by the Deutsches Zentrum fuer Luft- und Raumfahrt, by the ‘Helmholtz Alliance for Astroparticle Physics HAP’ funded by the Initiative and Networking Fund of the Helmholtz Association (Germany), and by Slovak Academy of Sciences MVTS JEM-EUSO as well as VEGA grant agency project 2/0076/13.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Consortia

Corresponding author

Correspondence to M. Bertaina.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

The JEM-EUSO Collaboration., Adams, J.H., Ahmad, S. et al. JEM-EUSO observational technique and exposure. Exp Astron 40, 117–134 (2015). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-014-9376-3

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10686-014-9376-3

Keywords

Navigation