Skip to main content

Correction to: Assessment of the dunnocks’ introduction to New Zealand using innate immune-gene diversity

The Original Article was published on 24 August 2020

Correction to: Evolutionary Ecology (2020) 34:803–820

In the original publication of the article Evol Ecol 34, 803–820 (2020) we suggested that “Historical records from the Otago Acclimatisation Society indicate that in the Otago region…a total of 185 individuals…were introduced from United Kingdom between 1865 and 1907 (Santos 2012; Santos and Nakagawa 2013)”. However, after reviewing Duncan (1997) and reading Pipek et al. (2015), it seems more plausible that only 98 individuals were introduced in 1868. Notably, this correction does not affect our results. On the contrary, it makes our main finding stronger (i.e., even fewer individuals than thought originally, were enough to bring all the genetic diversity from England to New Zealand). Also note that the time of isolation proposed between the two populations is not affected by this correction. It is because 2017–1868 = 149 years, which is ca. 150 years.


  • Duncan RP (1997) The role of competition and introduction effort in the success of passeriform birds introduced to New Zealand. Am Nat 149:903–915

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  • Pipek P, Pyšek P, Blackburn TM (2015) A clarification of the origins of birds released by the Otago Acclimatisation Society from 1876 to 1882. Notornis 62:105–112

    Google Scholar 

  • Santos ESA (2012) Discovery of previously unknown historical records on the introduction of dunnocks (Prunella modularis) into Otago, New Zealand during the 19th century. Notornis 59:79–81

    Google Scholar 

  • Santos E, Nakagawa S (2013) Breeding biology and variable mating system of a population of introduced dunnocks (Prunella modularis) in New Zealand. PLoS ONE 8:e69329

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Carlos E. Lara.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Lara, C.E., Grueber, C.E., Holtmann, B. et al. Correction to: Assessment of the dunnocks’ introduction to New Zealand using innate immune-gene diversity. Evol Ecol 35, 365–366 (2021).

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: