We present a game theoretic model of brood parasitism in the dung beetle Onthophagus taurus. Female O. taurus engage in brood parasitism when they attack a brood ball made by another female, destroy the existing egg and place one of their own eggs to develop within the existing dung ball. Brood parasitism is more costly than other forms of kleptoparasitism because an individual loses the total investment in an offspring. In this paper, we outline the behaviors involved in brood ball production and provide time estimates of those behaviors. The model is then used to predict when it is beneficial to steal the brood ball created by another female and when it is beneficial for a female to create her own. We also investigate how long a female should guard her eggs.
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The research was supported by the NSF grant 0634182. The authors would like to thank Dr. M. Broom (Department of Mathematics, University of Sussex, Brighton BN1 9RF, UK) for useful discussion and comments on the original version of the manuscript.
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Crowe, M., Fitzgerald, M., Remington, D.L. et al. Game theoretic model of brood parasitism in a dung beetle Onthophagus taurus . Evol Ecol 23, 765–776 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10682-008-9271-3
- Game theory