Mapping association of molecular markers and sheath blight (Rhizoctonia solani) disease resistance and identification of novel resistance sources and loci in rice
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Sheath blight (ShB) disease caused by Rhizoctonia solani is one of the major threats to rice crop world-wide. Progress in breeding for resistant rice varieties is limited due to lack of highly resistant germplasm against sheath blight. In present study, diverse rice landrace were phenotyped against R. solani and resistant and moderately resistant sources were identified from the panel of 134 germplasm pool. Landrace Nizam shait showed resistance, where as Bidar local-2, Jigguvaratiga, NavaliSali, Jaddu and Tetep exhibited moderate resistance. Population structure was analysed by genotyping the accessions using 63 genome wide Rice Microsatellite markers which divided the mapping panel into two groups. Association mapping using GLM + Q model of TASSEL indicated significant association between twenty-one marker loci on nine chromosomes with ShB resistance with phenotypic variation (R2) ranging 3.02–22.71 per cent. We identified 13 new markers to be associated with ShB resistance. The present work validates previously identified eight markers flanking different shB QTLs. None of the allele from the tested markers was unique and common among resistant and moderately resistant landraces identified in this work except allele 420 bp of RM337 and allele 310 bp of RM5556 noticed only in Tetep. Our findings predict the possible presence of unreported QTL region in marker interval of RM337 and RM5556 on chromosome 8 for ShB resistance in Tetep which invites further investigation.
KeywordsSheath blight Landraces Population structure Resistance SSR markers Association
Junior Research Fellowship award by the Department of Biotechnology, New Delhi- India to the first author is greatly acknowledged.
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