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Euphytica

, 214:32 | Cite as

Pattern of genetic inheritance of morphological and agronomic traits of sorghum associated with resistance to sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata

  • Riyazaddin Mohammed
  • Ashok Kumar Are
  • Rajendra S. Munghate
  • Anil Gaddameedi
  • Kavi Kishor Polavarapu Bilhan
  • Hari C. Sharma
Article
  • 111 Downloads

Abstract

Sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata is an important pest of sorghum during the seedling stage, which influences both fodder and grain yield. To understand the nature of inheritance of shoot fly resistance in sorghum, we performed generation mean analysis using two crosses IS 18551 × Swarna and M 35-1 × ICSV 700 during the 2013–2014 cropping seasons. The F1, F2, BC1 and BC2 progenies, along with the parental lines were evaluated for agronomic and morphological traits associated with resistance/susceptibility to sorghum shoot fly, A. soccata. The cross IS 18551 × Swarna exhibited significant differences between the parents for shoot fly deadhearts (%) in the postrainy season. The progenies of this cross exhibited lower shoot fly damage, suggesting that at least one of the parents should have genes for resistance to develop shoot fly-resistant hybrids. Leaf glossiness, leafsheath pigmentation and plant vigor score during the seedling stage exhibited non-allelic gene interactions with dominant gene action, whereas 100 seed weight showed both additive and dominant gene interactions. Presence of awns showed recessive nature of the awned gene. Generation mean analysis suggested that both additive and dominance gene effects were important for most of the traits evaluated in this study, but dominance had a more pronounced effect.

Keywords

Sorghum shoot fly resistance Atherigona soccata Genetic inheritance Generation mean analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are thankful to the sorghum entomology group and the sorghum breeding group for their support and help in carrying out this research work. We also thank Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation for their financial support through HOPE-sorghum and millet project.

Supplementary material

10681_2018_2111_MOESM1_ESM.doc (90 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 90 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Riyazaddin Mohammed
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ashok Kumar Are
    • 1
  • Rajendra S. Munghate
    • 4
  • Anil Gaddameedi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Kavi Kishor Polavarapu Bilhan
    • 2
  • Hari C. Sharma
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)PatancheruIndia
  2. 2.Department of GeneticsOsmania UniversityHyderabadIndia
  3. 3.International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT-Sahelian Centre)NiameyNiger
  4. 4.Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi VidyapeethAkolaIndia
  5. 5.Dr YS Parmar University of Horticulture and ForestryNauniIndia

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